The attitudes of neonatal professionals towards end-of-life decision-making for dying infants in Taiwan

Title

The attitudes of neonatal professionals towards end-of-life decision-making for dying infants in Taiwan

Creator

Huang L-C; Chen CH; Liu Hsin-Li; Lee Ho-Yu; Peng Niang-Huei; Wang Teh-Ming; Chang YC

Publisher

Journal Of Medical Ethics

Date

2013

Subject

Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; infant; Male; Intensive Care Units; Terminal Care; decision making; referral and consultation; Adult; Attitude of Health Personnel; Education; Medical Staff; Withholding Treatment; Questionnaires; Middle Aged; Attitude to Death; Resuscitation Orders; Self Report; Neonatology; Medical; Neonatal; Nursing Staff; Newborn; Clinical; Ethics Committees; Taiwan; Hospital; continuing

Description

The purposes of research were to describe the neonatal clinicians' personal views and attitudes on neonatal ethical decision-making, to identify factors that might affect these attitudes and to compare the attitudes between neonatal physicians and neonatal nurses in Taiwan. Research was a cross-sectional design and a questionnaire was used to reach different research purposes. A convenient sample was used to recruit 24 physicians and 80 neonatal nurses from four neonatal intensive care units in Taiwan. Most participants agreed with suggesting a do not resuscitate (DNR) order to parents for dying neonates (86.5%). However, the majority agreed with talking to patients about DNR orders is difficult (76.9%). Most participants agree that review by the clinical ethics committee is needed before the recommendation of 'DNR' to parents (94.23%) and nurses were significantly more likely than physicians to agree to this (p=0.043). During the end-of-life care, most clinicians accepted to continue current treatment without adding others (70%) and withholding of emergency treatments (75%); however, active euthanasia, the administration of drug to end-of-life, was not considered acceptable by both physicians and nurses in this research (96%). Based on our research results, providing continuing educational training and a formal consulting service in moral courage for neonatal clinicians are needed. In Taiwan, neonatal physicians and nurses hold similar values and attitudes towards end-of-life decisions for neonates. In order to improve the clinicians' communication skills with parents about DNR options and to change clinicians' attitudes for providing enough pain-relief medicine to dying neonates, providing continuing educational training and a formal consulting service in moral courage are needed.
2013-06

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

382-386

Issue

6

Volume

39

Citation

Huang L-C; Chen CH; Liu Hsin-Li; Lee Ho-Yu; Peng Niang-Huei; Wang Teh-Ming; Chang YC, “The attitudes of neonatal professionals towards end-of-life decision-making for dying infants in Taiwan,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 25, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14699.

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