The effects of the Palliative Medicine Consultation on the DNR status of African Americans in a safety-net hospital.

Title

The effects of the Palliative Medicine Consultation on the DNR status of African Americans in a safety-net hospital.

Creator

Sacco J; Deravin Carr DR; Viola D

Publisher

The American Journal Of Hospice & Palliative Care

Date

2013

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Critical Illness; Prognosis; Aged; Middle Aged; Communication; Poverty Areas; Attitudes; retrospective studies; Health Knowledge; DNAR; Resuscitation Orders; Palliative Care/mt [Methods]; Advance Directives/eh [Ethnology]; Palliative Care/og [Organization & Administration]; New York City; Advance Directives/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; African Americans/statistics & numerical data; Hispanic Americans/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; Palliative Care/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]; Practice/eh [Ethnology]; Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data

Description

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of palliative medicine consultation on completion of advance directives/do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders by racial/ethnic minorities., METHOD: A sample of 1999 seriously ill African American and Hispanic inpatients was obtained from the Palliative Medicine Consultation database (n = 2972). Associations between race/ethnicity and diagnosis and documentation of DNR status on admission and discharge were examined., RESULTS: Cancer was the primary diagnosis, 34.5%. Among patients with a consultation, 98% agreed to discuss advance directives; 65% of African Americans and 70% of Hispanics elected DNR status. Inpatient deaths were 46%; 74% of decedents agreed to DNR orders. Discharged patients referred to hospice were 29%., CONCLUSION: Palliative medicine consultations resulted in timely completion of DNR orders and were positively associated with DNR election and hospice enrollment.
2013

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

363-9

Issue

4

Volume

30

Citation

Sacco J; Deravin Carr DR; Viola D, “The effects of the Palliative Medicine Consultation on the DNR status of African Americans in a safety-net hospital.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 28, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14686.

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