Regional Anesthesia Approaches to Pain Management in Pediatric Palliative Care: A Review of Current Knowledge

Title

Regional Anesthesia Approaches to Pain Management in Pediatric Palliative Care: A Review of Current Knowledge

Creator

Rork JF; Berde CB; Goldstein RD

Publisher

Journal Of Pain And Symptom Management

Date

2013

Subject

adolescent; Child; Palliative Care; Pain Management; Nerve Block; Palliative Care; neuraxial blockade; regional anesthesia

Description

Context Although systemic analgesic therapies are the mainstay of pain treatment in pediatric palliative care, there are cases where they fail to adequately relieve symptoms or produce side effects that undermine effectiveness. Regional anesthesia may be considered as a potential therapy for these patients. Objectives To review the literature on regional techniques in pediatric patients with life-limiting and chronic conditions, including pain from tumor infiltration, chest pain in advanced pulmonary disease, chronic abdominal pain, phantom limb pain, and spasticity and dystonia. Where relevant, the authors' clinical experiences are included. Methods References were identified by searches of PubMed from 1980 until June 2012 with related terms. Results Case reports and case series were identified for each condition. Regional anesthesia techniques performed included central neuraxial infusions, peripheral nerve and plexus blocks or infusions, neurolytic blocks, and implanted intrathecal ports and pumps for baclofen, opioids, local anesthetics, and other adjuvants. The reports described positive contributions to the management of moderate-to-severe pain. Clinical context for these techniques frequently included the failure of systemic treatments and/or intolerable medication side effects. Complications varied according to the procedure and the underlying patient pathology; however, these risks were often acceptable when the potential benefits were consistent with the overall goals of care. Conclusion The present medical literature on regional anesthesia techniques in children receiving palliative care is limited to case reports and case series. Based on this evidence, recommendations must be provisional. Careful thought and discussion with pain management specialists are encouraged when pain symptoms are inadequately managed or the treatments produce deleterious side effects.
2013-12

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation

Rork JF; Berde CB; Goldstein RD, “Regional Anesthesia Approaches to Pain Management in Pediatric Palliative Care: A Review of Current Knowledge,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 24, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14613.

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