Opinions of members of the National Civil (Family Proceedings) and Criminal Courts in withholding or withdrawing of life support situations in pediatrics

Title

Opinions of members of the National Civil (Family Proceedings) and Criminal Courts in withholding or withdrawing of life support situations in pediatrics

Creator

Selandari JO; Ciruzzi MS; Roitman AJ; Ledesma F; Menendez C; Garcia HO

Publisher

Archivos Argentinos De Pediatria

Date

2016

Subject

Attitude to Death; Argentina; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; decision-making; ethics; Health Care Surveys; Humans; legislation and jurisprudence; Life Support Care/ legislation & jurisprudence; Pediatric intensive care unit; Pediatrics/ legislation & jurisprudence; Withholding Treatment; Withholding Treatment/ legislation & jurisprudence

Description

INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child. In addition, making decisions in this context implies facing barriers that hinder the possibility of pursuing the patient's best interest. Among such barriers, the fear of litigation plays a major role. To what extent is this fear justified? OBJECTIVE: To explore the opinions of the members of the National Judiciary regarding the approach to withholding or withdrawing of life support from a legal stance. POPULATION AND METHODS: Professionals working in the criminal, civil and forensic medicine settings. Semistructured survey on three hypothetical case histories that implied making a decision to withhold or withdraw life support. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-five surveys were distributed; 68 (36.76%) were partially completed and 51 (30.3%), in full. Twenty-eight (55%) survey respondents did not criminalize any of the three cases presented. Thirteen (25%) respondents considered that the decisions made in the three cases constituted a crime; 6 (12%), only in one case; and 4 (8%), in two out of the three. Crimes described by survey respondents included intentional homicide, wrongful death, and failure to render assistance. CONCLUSIONS: Forty-five percent of survey respondents considered that decisions made involved some form of crime.
2016-08

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2018 List

Issue

4

Volume

114

Collection

Citation

Selandari JO; Ciruzzi MS; Roitman AJ; Ledesma F; Menendez C; Garcia HO, “Opinions of members of the National Civil (Family Proceedings) and Criminal Courts in withholding or withdrawing of life support situations in pediatrics,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 28, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14603.

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