A randomised trial of early palliative care for maternal stress in infants prenatally diagnosed with single-ventricle heart disease

Title

A randomised trial of early palliative care for maternal stress in infants prenatally diagnosed with single-ventricle heart disease

Creator

Hancock HS; Pituch K; Uzark K; Bhat P; Fifer C; Silveira M; Yu S; Welch S; Donohue J; Lowery R; Aiyagari R

Publisher

Cardiology In The Young

Date

2018

Subject

Chd; Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome; Paediatric palliative care; Parental stress

Description

Children with single-ventricle disease experience high mortality and complex care. In other life-limiting childhood illnesses, paediatric palliative care may mitigate maternal stress. We hypothesised that early palliative care in the single-ventricle population may have the same benefit for mothers. In this pilot randomised trial of early palliative care, mothers of infants with prenatal single-ventricle diagnoses completed surveys measuring depression, anxiety, coping, and quality of life at a prenatal visit and neonatal discharge. Infants were randomised to receive early palliative care - structured evaluation, psychosocial/spiritual, and communication support before surgery - or standard care. Among 56 eligible mothers, 40 enrolled and completed baseline surveys; 38 neonates were randomised, 18 early palliative care and 20 standard care; and 34 postnatal surveys were completed. Baseline Beck Depression Inventory-II and State-Trait Anxiety Index scores exceeded normal pregnant sample scores (mean 13.76+/-8.46 versus 7.0+/-5.0 and 46.34+/-12.59 versus 29.8+/-6.35, respectively; p=0.0001); there were no significant differences between study groups. The early palliative care group had a decrease in prenatal to postnatal State-Trait Anxiety Index scores (-7.6 versus 0.3 in standard care, p=0.02), higher postnatal Brief Cope Inventory positive reframing scores (p=0.03), and a positive change in PedsQL Family Impact Module communication and family relationships scores (effect size 0.46 and 0.41, respectively). In conclusion, these data show that mothers of infants with single-ventricle disease experience significant depression and anxiety prenatally. Early palliative care resulted in decreased maternal anxiety, improved maternal positive reframing, and improved communication and family relationships.
2018-01

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Hancock HS; Pituch K; Uzark K; Bhat P; Fifer C; Silveira M; Yu S; Welch S; Donohue J; Lowery R; Aiyagari R, “A randomised trial of early palliative care for maternal stress in infants prenatally diagnosed with single-ventricle heart disease,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 27, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14572.

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