Lack of utility of abdominal x-rays in the evaluation of children with constipation: comparison of different scoring methods

Title

Lack of utility of abdominal x-rays in the evaluation of children with constipation: comparison of different scoring methods

Creator

Pensabene L; Buonomo C; Fishman L; Chitkara D; Nurko S

Publisher

Journal Of Pediatric Gastroenterology And Nutrition

Date

2010

Subject

Child; Female; Humans; Male; Observer Variation; retrospective studies; Diagnosis; Differential; Radiography; ROC Curve; Abdominal/methods; Colon/physiopathology/radiography; Colonic Diseases; Constipation/physiopathology/radiography; Fecal Incontinence/physiopathology/radiography; Feces; Functional/physiopathology/radiography; Gastrointestinal Transit; X-Rays

Description

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Abdominal x-rays are used diagnostically in the evaluation of children with constipation. However, their clinical utility has not been established. The aim of the study was to assess the accuracy of different methods in identifying children with functional constipation (FC) or nonretentive fecal incontinence (NRFI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of abdominal x-rays in which colonic transit (CT), Barr, Leech, and fecal loading (FL) scores were blindly measured by blinded pediatric gastroenterologists and a radiologist. Children were classified a priori as FC or NRFI. RESULTS: One hundred sixty patients (125 FC, 35 NRFI) were studied. There were significant differences (P 50% of NRFI had abnormal scores. CT discriminated better between FC and NRFI. There was a significant correlation (P < 0.05) between CT and Barr (0.45), Leech (0.41) and FL scores (0.36), and between Barr and Leech scores (r = 0.94). There was good intraobserver correlation between Barr, Leech, and FL scores but poor interobserver reproducibility. CONCLUSIONS: Although significant differences in overall FC and NRFI scores exist, the discriminative value is low for all scores. There is poor interobserver reproducibility of the Barr, Leech, and FL scores. These findings confirm the limited value of the plain abdominal x-ray in the evaluation of children with constipation.
2010

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

155-159

Issue

2

Volume

51

Citation

Pensabene L; Buonomo C; Fishman L; Chitkara D; Nurko S, “Lack of utility of abdominal x-rays in the evaluation of children with constipation: comparison of different scoring methods,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 3, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/14192.

Social Bookmarking