Racial/ethnic patterns in lifetime and age-conditional risk estimates for selected cancers


Racial/ethnic patterns in lifetime and age-conditional risk estimates for selected cancers


Miller BA; Scoppa SM; Feuer EJ







PedPal Lit; 80 and over Cause of Death Child Child; Adolescent Adult Age Factors Aged Aged; Newborn Male Middle Aged Neoplasms/ethnology/mortality Risk Assessment SEER Program/statistics & numerical data Sex Factors; PreschoolContinental Population Groups/statistics & numerical data Cross-Sectional StudiesEthnic Groups/statistics & numerical data Female Humans Infant Infant


BACKGROUND: Estimates of the probability of developing or dying from cancer, either over a lifetime or over a specified number of years, are useful summary measures of the burden of cancer in a population. METHODS: The authors used publicly available DevCan software and new, detailed, racial/ethnic data bases that were developed in the Surveillance Research Program of the National Cancer Institute to produce risk estimates for selected major cancers among American Indian/Aleut/Eskimo, black, Chinese, Filipino, native Hawaiian, Japanese, white (total, non-Hispanic), and Hispanic populations. RESULTS: Japanese and non-Hispanic white men had the highest lifetime risk for developing cancer (47.94% and 47.41%, respectively), and the American Indian/Eskimo/Aleut population (excluding Alaska) had the lowest lifetime risk among men (24.30%). Among women, white and American Indian/Eskimo/Aleut (in Alaska) populations had higher lifetime risks than Japanese women, whereas American Indian/Eskimo/Aleut (excluding Alaska) women had the lowest risk. The age-conditional probabilities of developing cancer within the next 10 years among men and women age 60 years and the lifetime probabilities of dying from cancer also were reported by racial/ethnic group. CONCLUSIONS: Racial/ethnic disparities in the lifetime risk of cancer may be because of differences in cancer incidence rates, but they also may reflect differential mortality rates from causes other than the cancer of interest. Furthermore, because cross-sectional incidence and mortality rates are used in calculating the DevCan lifetime risk estimates, results must be interpreted with caution when events, such as the widespread and rapid implementation of a new screening test, are known to have influenced disease rates.


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Miller BA; Scoppa SM; Feuer EJ, “Racial/ethnic patterns in lifetime and age-conditional risk estimates for selected cancers,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 26, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13801.

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