Tracheo-arterial fistula in tracheostomy patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Title

Tracheo-arterial fistula in tracheostomy patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Creator

Saito T; Sawabata N; Matsumura T; Nozaki S; Fujimura H; Shinno S

Publisher

Brain & Development

Date

2006

Subject

PedPal Lit; Adolescent Adult Brachiocephalic Trunk/injuries/pathology/physiopathology Fatal Outcome Female Humans Incidence Male Muscular Dystrophy; Duchenne/complications Patient Selection Postoperative Complications/etiology/physiopathology/prevention & control Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology Preoperative Care/standards Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology/surgery Respiratory Tract Fistula/etiology/pathology/physiopathology Tomography; X-Ray Computed/standards Trachea/injuries/radiography/surgery Tracheostomy/adverse effects/mortality

Description

A tracheo-arterial fistula is a serious and life threatening potential complication of a tracheostomy. Since 1984, we experienced nine fatal cases of tracheo-arterial fistula among 60 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients who underwent a tracheostomy. Representative cases included a patient with lordosis (Case 8), in whom the fistula was located in the brachiocephalic artery close to the trachea, and another with severe scoliosis (Case 9), which caused the aorta to compress the trachea. Such anatomical changes can be the cause of a fistula between the trachea and brachiocephalic artery. The anatomical locations between the trachea and brachiocephalic artery are modified by thoracic deformities in DMD patients, and should be confirmed using computed tomography (CT) prior to a tracheostomy procedure. Further, during such a procedure, the tracheal stoma must be placed in a location clearly away from the arteries, and should be followed by regular post-operative examinations using CT and careful management to avoid a tracheo-arterial fistula.
2006

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

Saito T; Sawabata N; Matsumura T; Nozaki S; Fujimura H; Shinno S, “Tracheo-arterial fistula in tracheostomy patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 27, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13747.