Empirical evidence for the use of lithium and anticonvulsants in children with psychiatric disorders

Title

Empirical evidence for the use of lithium and anticonvulsants in children with psychiatric disorders

Creator

Lopez-Larson M; Frazier JA

Publisher

Harvard Review Of Psychiatry

Date

2006

Subject

Child; Humans; Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use; Empirical Research; Amines/therapeutic use; Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/therapeutic use; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/therapeutic use; Antimanic Agents/therapeutic use; Carbamazepine/analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use; Drug Therapy/statistics & numerical data; Fructose/analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use; Lithium Carbonate/therapeutic use; Mental Disorders/drug therapy/epidemiology; Triazines/therapeutic use; Valproic Acid/therapeutic use

Description

BACKGROUND: The use of psychotropic medications-in particular, mood stabilizers--in youths with psychiatric illness has grown. There are trends toward polypharmacy and the increased use of newer mood stabilizers in youths with psychiatric illness despite a paucity of studies examining the short- and long-term efficacy and safety of these agents in the pediatric population. METHOD: PubMed was used to identify peer-reviewed publications from the past 30 years (January 1975 to August 2005) studying lithium and anticonvulsants in youths with psychiatric illness. RESULTS: Evidence supporting the use of lithium and valproate in the treatment of juvenile bipolar disorder and reactive aggression has grown. Evidence for the use of other anticonvulsants in youths with psychiatric illness is sparse. Side effects from lithium and anticonvulsants are typically mild to moderate. Data are accumulating in regard to the longer-term safety of lithium and DVPX in the juvenile psychiatric population. Although data in regard to the newer anticonvulsants are limited, they may have more desirable side-effect profiles. CONCLUSION: Double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of lithium and anticonvulsants are greatly needed as clinical use of these agents has risen without sufficient evidence supporting their efficacy in the pediatric population.
2006

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

285-304

Issue

6

Volume

14

Citation

Lopez-Larson M; Frazier JA, “Empirical evidence for the use of lithium and anticonvulsants in children with psychiatric disorders,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 3, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13600.

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