Variability of antiepileptic medication taking behaviour in sudden unexplained death in epilepsy: hair analysis at autopsy

Title

Variability of antiepileptic medication taking behaviour in sudden unexplained death in epilepsy: hair analysis at autopsy

Creator

Williams J; Lawthom C; Dunstan FD; Dawson TP; Kerr MP; Wilson JF; Smith PE

Publisher

Journal Of Neurology, Neurosurgery, And Psychiatry

Date

2006

Subject

Non-U.S. Gov't; PedPal Lit; Adolescent Adult Aged Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use Autopsy Cause of Death Child Chromatography; High Pressure LiquidDeath; Sudden Epilepsy/drug therapy Female Hair/chemistry Humans Male Middle Aged Research Support

Description

BACKGROUND: Variable compliance with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is a potentially preventable cause of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Hair AED concentrations provide a retrospective insight into AED intake variability. METHODS: We compared hair AED concentration variability in patients with SUDEP (n = 16), non-SUDEP epilepsy related deaths (n = 9), epilepsy outpatients (n = 31), and epilepsy inpatients (n = 38). AED concentrations were measured in 1 cm hair segments using high performance liquid chromatography. Individual patient hair AED concentration profiles were corrected for "washout" using linear regression analysis. The coefficient of variation (CV) of the corrected mean hair AED concentration provided an index of variability of an individual's AED taking behaviour. Hair sample numbers varied between subjects, and so weighted regression estimates of the CV were derived for each group. RESULTS: The CV regression estimates for each group were: SUDEP 20.5% (standard error 1.9), non-SUDEP 15.0% (3.9), outpatients 9.6% (1.4), and inpatients 6.2% (2.7). The SUDEP group therefore showed greater hair AED concentration variability than either the outpatient or the inpatient groups (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Observed variability of hair AED concentrations, reflecting variable AED ingestion over time, is greater in patients dying from SUDEP than in either epilepsy outpatients or inpatients. SUDEP, at least in a proportion of cases, appears preventable.
2006

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

Williams J; Lawthom C; Dunstan FD; Dawson TP; Kerr MP; Wilson JF; Smith PE, “Variability of antiepileptic medication taking behaviour in sudden unexplained death in epilepsy: hair analysis at autopsy,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 17, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13419.