A review of the use of methadone for the treatment of chronic noncancer pain


A review of the use of methadone for the treatment of chronic noncancer pain


Lynch ME



Pain Research & Management : The Journal Of The Canadian Pain Society = Journal De La Societe Canadienne Pour Le Traitement De La Douleur




Humans; Canada; Analgesics; Methadone; Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support; Chronic disease; Pain/drug therapy; Drug; Legislation; Methadone/adverse effects/chemistry/pharmacokinetics/pharmacology/therapeutic use; Opioid/adverse effects/chemistry/pharmacokinetics/pharmacology/therapeutic use


Methadone, although having been available for approximately half a century, is now receiving increasing attention in the management of chronic pain. This is due to recent research showing that methadone exhibits at least three different mechanisms of action including potent opioid agonism, N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonism and monoaminergic effects. This, along with methadone's excellent oral and rectal absorption, high bioavailability, long duration of action and low cost, make it a very attractive option for the treatment of chronic pain. The disadvantages of significant interindividual variation in pharmacokinetics, graduated dose equivalency ratios based on prerotation opioid dose when switching from another opioid, and the requirement for special exemption for prescribing methadone make it more complicated to use. The present review is intended to educate physicians interested in adding methadone to their armamentarium for assisting patients with moderate to severe pain.


Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).


Journal Article

Citation List Month



Lynch ME, “A review of the use of methadone for the treatment of chronic noncancer pain,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 21, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13411.