A prospective evaluation of opioid weaning in opioid-dependent pediatric critical care patients

Title

A prospective evaluation of opioid weaning in opioid-dependent pediatric critical care patients

Creator

Berens RJ; Meyer MT; Mikhailov TA; Colpaert KD; Czarnecki ML; Ghanayem NS; Hoffman GM; Soetenga DJ; Nelson TJ; Weisman SJ

Publisher

Anesthesia & Analgesia

Date

2006

Subject

Child; Female; Humans; Male; Analgesics; Prospective Studies; Double-Blind Method; Preschool; Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support; PedPal Lit; infant; Comparative Study; Opioid/therapeutic use; Pain/drug therapy/epidemiology; Critical Care/methods/statistics & numerical data; Opioid-Related Disorders/epidemiology; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/epidemiology

Description

Critically ill children are treated with opioid medication in an attempt to decrease stress and alleviate pain during prolonged pediatric intensive care. This treatment plan places children at risk for opioid dependency. Once dependent, children need to be weaned or risk development of a withdrawal syndrome on abrupt cessation of medication. We enrolled opioid-dependent children into a prospective, randomized trial of 5- versus 10-day opioid weaning using oral methadone. Children exposed to opioids for an average of 3 wk showed no difference in the number of agitation events requiring opioid rescue (3 consecutive neonatal abstinence scores >8 every 2 h) in either wean group. Most of the events requiring rescue occurred on day 5 and 6 of the wean in both treatment groups. Patients may be able to be weaned successfully in 5 days once converted to oral methadone, with a follow-up period after medication wean to observe for a delayed withdrawal syndrome.
2006

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

1045-50

Issue

4

Volume

102

Citation

Berens RJ; Meyer MT; Mikhailov TA; Colpaert KD; Czarnecki ML; Ghanayem NS; Hoffman GM; Soetenga DJ; Nelson TJ; Weisman SJ, “A prospective evaluation of opioid weaning in opioid-dependent pediatric critical care patients,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 23, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/13161.

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