Mobilization of opioid-containing polymorphonuclear cells by hematopoietic growth factors and influence on inflammatory pain

Title

Mobilization of opioid-containing polymorphonuclear cells by hematopoietic growth factors and influence on inflammatory pain

Creator

Brack A; Rittner HL; Machelska H; Beschmann K; Sitte N; Schafer M; Stein C

Publisher

Anesthesiology

Date

2004

Subject

Male; Animals; Rats; Biomarkers of Pain; Inflammation/complications; RNA; Pain Measurement/drug effects; Radioimmunoassay; Pain/drug therapy/physiopathology; Wistar; Neutrophils/metabolism; Messenger/biosynthesis; DNA Primers; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Flow Cytometry; Cell Adhesion Molecules/pharmacology; Cell Separation; Chemokines/biosynthesis; Chemotaxis; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology; Hindlimb/physiology; Leukocyte/drug effects; Light; Narcotics/metabolism/pharmacology; Stem Cell Factor/pharmacology

Description

BACKGROUND: Leukocytes can control inflammatory pain by secretion of opioid peptides, stimulated by cold-water swimming or local injection of corticotropin-releasing factor, and subsequent activation of opioid receptors on peripheral sensory neurons. This study investigated whether mobilization of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and stem cell factor (SCF) enhances immigration of opioid-containing PMN and peripheral opioid analgesia in rats with Freund complete adjuvant-induced hind paw inflammation. METHODS: In circulating PMN of rats treated with G-CSF+SCF and sham-treated rats, opioid peptide content was measured by radioimmunoassay. Expression of adhesion molecules (CD62L, CD49d, CD18), in vitro migration in the Boyden chamber, and infiltrating leukocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry. Chemokine messenger RNA transcription was quantified by LightCycler polymerase chain reaction. Paw pressure threshold was measured at baseline, after cold-water swimming, and after injection of corticotropin-releasing factor. RESULTS: G-CSF+SCF treatment increased circulating PMN (11-fold, P 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: G-CSF+SCF mobilized circulating opioid-containing PMN but had a minor influence on cell migration and peripheral analgesia, probably because of the low expression of chemokines in the inflamed paw and one of the decreased beta-endorphin content in PMN.
2004

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

149-157

Issue

1

Volume

100

Citation

Brack A; Rittner HL; Machelska H; Beschmann K; Sitte N; Schafer M; Stein C, “Mobilization of opioid-containing polymorphonuclear cells by hematopoietic growth factors and influence on inflammatory pain,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 23, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12842.

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