Subcellular pathways of beta-endorphin synthesis, processing, and release from immunocytes in inflammatory pain

Title

Subcellular pathways of beta-endorphin synthesis, processing, and release from immunocytes in inflammatory pain

Creator

Mousa SA; Shakibaei M; Sitte N; Schafer M; Stein C

Publisher

Endocrinology

Date

2004

Subject

Male; Animals; Rats; Biomarkers of Pain; Microscopy; Immunohistochemistry; Wistar; beta-Endorphin/biosynthesis; Carboxypeptidase H/metabolism; Extremities; Immunoelectron; Inflammation/immunology/metabolism; Leukocytes/drug effects/metabolism/ultrastructure; Norepinephrine/pharmacology; Pain/immunology/metabolism; Pro-Opiomelanocortin/metabolism; Proprotein Convertase 1/metabolism; Proprotein Convertase 2/metabolism; Secretory Vesicles/metabolism/ultrastructure; Sympathomimetics/pharmacology

Description

The opioid peptide beta-endorphin (END) as well as mRNA for its precursor proopiomelanocortin (POMC) are found not only in the pituitary gland, but also within various types of immune cells infiltrating inflamed sc tissue. During stressful stimuli END is released and interacts with peripheral opioid receptors to inhibit pain. However, the subcellular pathways of POMC processing and END release have not yet been delineated in inflammatory cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the presence of POMC, carboxypeptidase E, the prohormone convertases 1 (PC1), and 2 (PC2), PC2-binding protein 7B2, and the release of END from inflammatory cells in rats. Using immunohistochemistry we detected END and POMC alone or colocalized with PC1, PC2, carboxypeptidase E, and 7B2 in macrophages/monocytes, granulocytes, and lymphocytes of the blood and within inflamed sc paw tissue. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that END is localized within secretory granules packed in membranous structures in macrophages, monocytes, granulocytes, and lymphocytes. Finally, END is released by noradrenaline from immune cells in vitro. Taken together, our results indicate that immune cells express the entire machinery required for POMC processing into functionally active peptides such as END and are able to release these peptides from secretory granules.
2004

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

1331-1341

Issue

3

Volume

145

Citation

Mousa SA; Shakibaei M; Sitte N; Schafer M; Stein C, “Subcellular pathways of beta-endorphin synthesis, processing, and release from immunocytes in inflammatory pain,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 3, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12688.

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