Pain coping and social support as predictors of long-term functional disability and pain in early rheumatoid arthritis

Title

Pain coping and social support as predictors of long-term functional disability and pain in early rheumatoid arthritis

Creator

Evers AWM; Kraaimaat FW; Geenen R; Jacobs JWG; Bijlsma Johannes WJ

Publisher

Behaviour Research And Therapy

Date

2003

Subject

social support; Chronic Pain; Social Support and Chronic Pain; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Avoidance; Functional disability; Pain coping

Description

Pain-related avoidance factors and social resources, as assessed by pain coping and social support, are supposed to have lasting effects on functional disability and pain in chronic pain disorders. As a follow-up to a prospective study demonstrating short-term effects after one year (Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 179–193, 1998), the role of pain coping and social support at the time of diagnosis was investigated in relationship to the long-term course of functional disability and pain after three and five years in 78 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), taking into account personality characteristics of neuroticism and extraversion, clinical status and use of medication. In line with findings at the one-year follow-up, results showed that more passive pain coping predicted functional disability at the three-year, but not the five-year follow-up. In addition, low levels of social support at the time of diagnosis consistently predicted both functional disability and pain at the three and five-year follow-ups. Results indicate that pain coping and social support, assessed very early in the disease process, can affect long-term functional disability and pain in RA, and suggest that early interventions focusing on pain-related avoidance factors and social resources for patients at risk may beneficially influence long-term outcomes in RA.
2003-11

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

1295-1310

Issue

11

Volume

41

Citation

Evers AWM; Kraaimaat FW; Geenen R; Jacobs JWG; Bijlsma Johannes WJ, “Pain coping and social support as predictors of long-term functional disability and pain in early rheumatoid arthritis,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 26, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12570.

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