Use of patient-controlled analgesia for management of acute pain

Title

Use of patient-controlled analgesia for management of acute pain

Creator

White PF

Publisher

Jama

Date

1988

Subject

Humans; Acute Disease; Pain/drug therapy; Analgesics/administration & dosage/adverse effects; Infusion Pumps; Infusions; Injections; Intravenous; Self Administration/adverse effects/instrumentation

Description

Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) provides improved titration of analgesic drugs, thereby minimizing individual pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic differences. Patient-controlled analgesia decreases patient anxiety resulting from delays in receiving pain-relieving medication and from the slow onset of analgesic action when these drugs are administered either intramuscularly or in the extradural space. With PCA therapy, patients are reportedly able to maintain a near optimal state of analgesia with minimal sedation and few side effects. The potential for overdose can be minimized if small bolus doses are used with a mandatory lockout interval between successive doses. Finally, studies of the cost-effectiveness of PCA therapy are important if this therapeutic approach is to achieve more widespread acceptance.
1988

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

White PF, “Use of patient-controlled analgesia for management of acute pain,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 30, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12557.