Transdermal fentanyl: clinical pharmacology

Title

Transdermal fentanyl: clinical pharmacology

Creator

Lehmann KA; Zech D

Publisher

Journal Of Pain And Symptom Management

Date

1992

Subject

Humans; Administration; Cutaneous; Fentanyl/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics/pharmacology

Description

The transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) fentanyl has been designed for rate-controlled drug delivery. It provides a convenient regimen for the use of a drug previously limited by a short duration of action and a noninvasive parenteral route for a drug that is unsuitable for oral administration. TTS fentanyl has been developed to provide continuous controlled systemic delivery of fentanyl base for 72 hr. It is a rectangular, transparent unit composed of a protective peel strip and four functional layers. The amount of fentanyl released from each system (25 micrograms/hr per 10 cm2) is proportional to the surface area. So far, four patch sizes are available (10-40 cm2). When the system is applied, a fentanyl depot concentrates in the upper skin layers. Fentanyl plasma concentrations are not measurable until 2 hr after application, and it takes 8-16 hr latency until full clinical fentanyl effects are observed. Steady-state serum concentrations are obtained after several sequential 72-hr applications, and these are maintained for as long as a system is applied. Following removal, serum fentanyl concentrations decline gradually and fall about 50% in approximately 16 hr. This prolonged apparent elimination half-life occurs because fentanyl continues to be absorbed from the skin. Transdermal fentanyl transport is essentially the same between the chest, abdomen, and thigh. The skin-permeability constant is about 0.0125 mL/hr/cm2, much lower than the regional blood supply to a chest-skin area. Because of potential permeability variations among individuals, a special rate-controlling membrane in the system provides additional control of drug release.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
1992

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

Lehmann KA; Zech D, “Transdermal fentanyl: clinical pharmacology,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 21, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12284.