Adolescent girls' and boys' preferences for provider gender and confidentiality in their health care

Title

Adolescent girls' and boys' preferences for provider gender and confidentiality in their health care

Creator

Kapphahn CJ; Wilson KM; Klein JD

Publisher

The Journal Of Adolescent Health : Official Publication Of The Society For Adolescent Medicine

Date

1999

Subject

Child; Female; Humans; Male; United States; Physician-Patient Relations; Ethnic Groups; Health Care Surveys; Parent-Child Relations; Logistic Models; Health Services Accessibility; Age Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Health Status; Sex Factors; adolescent; Adolescent Transitions; Risk-Taking; Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data; Confidentiality; Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data; Prejudice

Description

PURPOSE: To assess the influence of demographic variables and health risk status on adolescents' preferences and actual receipt of services regarding provider gender, sharing a physician with parents, and private examinations. METHODS: Data from students participating in the Commonwealth Fund 1997 Survey of the Health of Adolescent Girls were analyzed. The weighted sample included 6748 students from grades 5-12. The influence of demographic variables and health risk status on preferences regarding physician gender, sharing a physician with parents, and parental presence during examinations and on actual physician gender, sharing a physician with parents, and receipt of confidential care was assessed for the 5067 students who indicated that they had a health check-up or physical examination within the past 2 years. Associations were examined using SAS to determine preliminary estimates of significance and correlation coefficients, and SUDAAN to generate proportions and Cochran Mantel-Haenszel Chi-squared values. A multiple logistic regression procedure in SUDAAN was used to assess interaction among demographic variables. RESULTS: Gender, race/ethnicity, grade level, and risk status were associated with preferences regarding provider gender and sharing a physician with parents. 50% of girls preferred a female provider; 48% had no preference. 23% of boys preferred a male provider; 65% had no preference. Most adolescents had no preference regarding whether they shared a physician with parents. Gender, race/ethnicity, grade level, and risk status were associated with preference regarding parental presence during examinations. Most younger girls preferred to have a parent present; most younger boys had no preference. Most older girls and boys preferred private examinations. For actual care situation, most adolescents were cared for by male health providers and did not share a physician with parents. 57% of girls and 66% of boys spoke privately with their health provider. Girls who had a female physician were more likely to have private time than were girls receiving care from a male physician. Gender, grade level, and risk status were associated with having private time with a physician. CONCLUSIONS: Gender was a significant variable in adolescents' preferences regarding health care. Preferences were also influenced by race/ethnicity, grade level, and risk status. A substantial proportion of adolescents, including those involved in health risk activities, report not having private time with their health provider.
1999

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Pages

131-142

Issue

2

Volume

25

Citation

Kapphahn CJ; Wilson KM; Klein JD, “Adolescent girls' and boys' preferences for provider gender and confidentiality in their health care,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 3, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12180.

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