Measuring pain accurately in children with cognitive impairments: refinement of a caregiver scale

Title

Measuring pain accurately in children with cognitive impairments: refinement of a caregiver scale

Creator

Breau LM; Camfield C; McGrath PJ; Rosmus C; Finley G A

Publisher

The Journal Of Pediatrics

Date

2001

Subject

Child; Female; Humans; Male; Logistic Models; Prospective Studies; Odds Ratio; Sensitivity and Specificity; Cognition Disorders; Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support; RDF Project; caregivers; Pain Measurement/methods

Description

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether typical pain behavior, as reported by caregivers, could be used prospectively to predict future pain behavior and to derive a subset of core items from the Non-Communicating Children's Pain Checklist. STUDY DESIGN: Caregivers (n = 33) of children with cognitive impairments completed the Non-Communicating Children's Pain Checklist retrospectively and immediately after subsequent episodes of pain and distress in their homes. Odds ratios were computed for checklist items, and multiple regressions were used to predict numerical pain and distress ratings with items that had significant odds ratios. A logistic regression was used to test whether the items found to predict pain could correctly classify the presence or absence of pain in a new cohort of 63 children with similar cognitive impairments. RESULTS: Seven of the checklist items had significant odds ratios: Cranky, Seeking Comfort, Change in Eyes, Less Active, Gesture to Part That Hurts, Tears, and Gasping. This subset of items significantly predicted numerical pain ratings by caregivers (multiple R =.70), but not distress ratings (multiple R =.31). In a second group of 63 children with cognitive impairments, this subset of items displayed 85% sensitivity and 89% specificity for pain. CONCLUSION: A subset of items from the Non-Communicating Children's Pain Checklist could predict pain in children with cognitive impairments. Caregivers' retrospective reports may be useful for clinicians making judgments about pain in these children.
2001

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

Breau LM; Camfield C; McGrath PJ; Rosmus C; Finley G A, “Measuring pain accurately in children with cognitive impairments: refinement of a caregiver scale,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed February 5, 2023, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/12100.

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