The interactional context of problem-, emotion-, and relationship-focused coping: the role of the big five personality factors

Title

The interactional context of problem-, emotion-, and relationship-focused coping: the role of the big five personality factors

Creator

O'Brien TB; DeLongis A

Publisher

Journal Of Personality

Date

1996

Subject

Humans; Emotions; Interpersonal Relations; Problem Solving; Social Environment; Defense Mechanisms; Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support; Adaptation; Psychological; empathy; Personality; Individuality

Description

This study examined the role that personality and situational factors play in three forms of coping responses: problem-, emotion- and relationship-focused. Coping responses were strongly associated with whether the situation involved a primarily agentic (work) or communal (interpersonal) stressor. Among communal stressors, the involvement of close versus distant others was also associated with coping responses. Situational factors were linked most strongly with the use of problem-focused (planful problem solving) and relationship-focused (empathic responding) modes of coping. Dimensions of personality derived from the five-factor model (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) had important associations with coping responses. Coping responses were best predicted by models that included both the additive and multiplicative effects of person and situation factors. Taken together, the findings suggest that a model of coping that considers both agentic and communal dimensions of stressful situations, includes interpersonal dimensions of coping, and considers personality and situation factors in tandem is needed to increase the predictive utility of current models.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Type

Journal Article

Citation List Month

Backlog

Citation

O'Brien TB; DeLongis A, “The interactional context of problem-, emotion-, and relationship-focused coping: the role of the big five personality factors,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 18, 2024, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11944.