Pediatric Deaths Attributed to Complex Chronic Conditions over 10 Years in Korea: Evidence for the Need to Provide Pediatric Palliative Care

Title

Pediatric Deaths Attributed to Complex Chronic Conditions over 10 Years in Korea: Evidence for the Need to Provide Pediatric Palliative Care

Creator

Kim MS; Lim NG; Kim HJ; Kim C; Lee JY

Publisher

Journal Of Korean Medical Science

Date

2018

Subject

cause of death; Child; Children's Hospice; complex chronic conditions; infant; Korea; Newborn; Only Child; Palliative Care; pediatric palliative care; Pediatrics; Terminal Care

Description

BACKGROUND: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) is the active total care of children suffering from life-threatening illnesses. Palliative care includes symptom management, psychosocial support, and end-of-life care. Despite significant advances in disease diagnosis and treatment, resources for PPC of children with serious illnesses are limited in Korea. This study aimed to investigate the scale, time trends, disease composition, regional distribution, and unmet needs of children dying from complex chronic conditions (CCCs). METHODS: We examined available information on children who died of CCCs from 2005 to 2014 using the cause of death statistics in Korea. RESULTS: There were 36,808 cases of pediatric deaths in Korea during that 10-year period, one-third (12,515 cases, 34.0%) of which were due to CCCs. In 2014, there were 1,044 cases of pediatric deaths due to CCCs (9.8 deaths per 100,000 children) in Korea. The rate of pediatric deaths due to CCCs has declined over this 10-year period. Among CCCs, malignancy was the most common cause of death overall, as well as in children and adolescents, whereas neonatal disorders were the most common cause of death in infants. Although over 1,000 children die from chronic illnesses each year, there are no hospitals or institutes in Korea that meet the minimum standards for specialized PPC. CONCLUSION: To improve the quality of life of children suffering from CCCs and to support their families who face enormous distress, children with CCCs should be able to access adequate palliative care services. Health authorities should consider supporting the establishment of PPC centers and increasing PPC accessibility in Korea.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

February 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Kim MS; Lim NG; Kim HJ; Kim C; Lee JY, “Pediatric Deaths Attributed to Complex Chronic Conditions over 10 Years in Korea: Evidence for the Need to Provide Pediatric Palliative Care,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 13, 2018, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11276.

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