Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death

Title

Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death

Creator

Dias N; Brandon D; Haase JE; Tanabe P

Publisher

American Journal Of Hospice And Palliative Care

Date

2017

Subject

bereaved parents; bereavement; bereavement programs; Child; child's death; health outcomes; health promotion; Health Status; Only Child; palliative and end-of-life; parental bereavement; pediatric bereavement care

Description

PURPOSE: To examine bereaved parents' physical, mental, and social health during the first 6 months after their child's (<12 years) death from a life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Bereaved parents have higher mortality and morbidity rates when compared to nonbereaved parents. Acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes are highest in the first 6 months. An understanding of bereaved parents' health risk indicators can help inform development of health promotion and disease prevention measures. Methods and Analysis: A prospective descriptive study examined 8 parent dyads. Parents completed health surveys (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-global, social, and sleep; Brief Symptom Inventory [BSI] 18), which are used to assess parents' health at 3 and 6 months after their child's death. Demographic data included a medical history, hospital or emergency department visits, and smoking and alcohol intake. Descriptive statistics were used to compare parents' scores to US general population scores. FINDINGS: Mothers' and fathers' physical, mental, and sleep health scores were typically within 1 to 2 standard deviations of the population norms. However, their social health scores were as low as 3 standard deviations and all parents' scores were below population norms. Four (25%) of the 16 parents had new diagnosis during the first 6 months. Based on the BSI-18, 3 parents had their scores above population cutoffs, which warranted a need for further clinical evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Health data highlight the "at-risk" health status of bereaved parents. Further validation of these data is required to support the development of health promotion and disease prevention programs.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

February 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Dias N; Brandon D; Haase JE; Tanabe P, “Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed December 13, 2018, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11257.

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