Early involvement of palliative care in cystic fibrosis in inpatient setting: A quality improvement initiative

Title

Early involvement of palliative care in cystic fibrosis in inpatient setting: A quality improvement initiative

Creator

Kotwal N; Kilaikode S; Koumbourlis A; Perez G

Identifier

Publisher

Pediatric Pulmonology

Date

2017

Subject

cystic fibrosis; hospital patient; palliative therapy; Total Quality Management; Child; disease exacerbation; e-mail; Human; lung; outcome assessment; pulmonologist; social worker

Description

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting disease with multiple comorbidities. It has been recommended that palliative care discussions for psychological adjustment and optimal symptom control should be initiated early. However, the palliative care service in this population remains underutilized. Objective: To increase utilization of palliative care services for patients admitted for CF exacerbations. Methods: A SMART aim statement was created with the goal of increasing consults by the palliative care service for patients admitted to the hospital with CF exacerbation. We measured the number of palliative care consult orders placed over a 2-week period. These charts were then reviewed for the presence of corresponding consult orders and notes. We conducted two PDSA (Plan-Do-Study-Act) cycles. The first intervention was sending informational emails to the pulmonary team covering the inpatient service. The second intervention was an educational session for pediatric pulmonologists and fellows to learn from social workers and palliative care specialists about their training and indication for consults. Social workers also helped educate the patients and their families on the additional benefit of palliative care services. Results: Baseline data over a 2-week period suggested that none of the CF inpatients had received involvement from the palliative care team during the corresponding admission. The percentage of CF patients who received palliative care consults increased to 33% from baseline in 5 weeks at the end of the second intervention. Conclusion: The inter-professional quality improvement model was effective in increasing palliative care consults for CF patients admitted to pulmonary service. Educational initiatives regarding palliative care services are an effective intervention to facilitate this process. Further data are required to measure outcomes in the form of feedback from patients, families and providers.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

January 2018 List

Collection

Citation

Kotwal N; Kilaikode S; Koumbourlis A; Perez G, “Early involvement of palliative care in cystic fibrosis in inpatient setting: A quality improvement initiative,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 22, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11228.

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