Palliative Care Involvement Is Associated with Less Intensive End-of-Life Care in Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Patients

Title

Palliative Care Involvement Is Associated with Less Intensive End-of-Life Care in Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Patients

Creator

Snaman JM; Kaye EC; Lu JJ; Sykes A; Baker JN

Publisher

Journal Of Palliative Medicine

Date

2017

Subject

adolescents; end of life; palliative care; pediatrics; young adult

Description

BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adult oncology (AYAO) patients often receive intensive medical care and experience significant symptoms at the end of life (EOL). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of AYAO patients aged 15-26 years who died as inpatients in a hospital and to compare the illness and EOL experiences of AYAO patients who did and did not receive palliative care (PC). DESIGN AND SETTING: A standardized data extraction tool was used to collect information about demographics, treatment, terminal characteristics, and symptoms during the last month of life (LMOL) for 69 AYAO patients who died while hospitalized between 2008 and 2014. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: AYAO patients who died in the hospital required considerable medical and psychosocial care and experienced numerous symptoms during the LMOL. Compared to those patients who received no formal PC services, patients followed by the PC team were less likely to die in the intensive care unit (ICU) (38% vs. 68%, p = 0.024) and less likely to have been on a ventilator (34% vs. 63%, p = 0.028) during the LMOL. They also received fewer invasive medical procedures during the LMOL (median, 1 vs. 3 procedures, p = 0.009) and had a do not resuscitate order in place for a longer time before death (median, 6 vs. two days, p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Involvement of the PC team was associated with the receipt of less intensive treatments and fewer deaths in the ICU.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

Oncology 2017 List

Collection

Citation

Snaman JM; Kaye EC; Lu JJ; Sykes A; Baker JN, “Palliative Care Involvement Is Associated with Less Intensive End-of-Life Care in Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Patients,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed May 27, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11173.

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