Prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress in bereaved children: A latent class analysis.

Title

Prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress in bereaved children: A latent class analysis.

Creator

Boelen PA; Spuij M; Reijntjes Albert HA

Publisher

Psychiatry Research

Date

2017

Subject

Bereavement; Children; Latent-classes; Posttraumatic-stress; Prolonged-grief

Description

Few studies have yet examined subgroups among children (aged 8-18) confronted with the death of a close loved one, characterized by different profiles of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and symptoms of bereavement-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study sought to identify such subgroups and socio-demographic and loss-related variables associated with subgroup membership. We used data from 332 children, most of whom (> 80%) were confronted with the death of a parent, mostly (> 50%) due to illness. Latent class analysis revealed three classes of participants: a resilient class (38.6%), a predominantly PGD class (35.2%), and a combined PGD/PTSD class (26.2%). Class membership was associated with self-rated levels of depression and functional impairment, and parent-rated behavioural problems. No significant between-class differences on demographics or loss-related variables were found. The current findings of distinct classes of PGD, and PGD plus PTSD attest to the construct validity of PGD as a distinct disorder, and can inform theory building and the development of diagnostic instruments relevant to children with pervasive distress following loss.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2017 List

PMID

PMID: 28958457

Notes

Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Boelen PA; Spuij M; Reijntjes Albert HA, “Prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress in bereaved children: A latent class analysis.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 4, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11127.

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