Pediatric chronic patients at outpatient clinics: A study in a Latin American University Hospital

Title

Pediatric chronic patients at outpatient clinics: A study in a Latin American University Hospital

Creator

Alveno RA; Miranda CV; Passone CG; Waetge AR; Hojo ES; Farhat SCL; Odone-Filho V; Tannuri U; Carvalho WB; Carneiro-Sampaio M; Silva CA

Publisher

Jornal De Pediatria.

Date

2017

Subject

Chronic Patient; Emergency Ward; Hospital Admission; Hospitalization; Outpatient; University Hospital; Adolescent; Adult; Cardiology; Child; Controlled Study; Cross Sectional Study; Death; Emergency Health Service; Endocrinology; Female; Hematology; Human; Intensive Care Unit; Kidney Transplantation; Major Clinical Study; Male; Nephrology; Neurology; Oncology; Pain; Physician; Psychiatry; Rheumatology

Description

Objective: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescentes with chronic diseases of outpatient clinics at a tertiary university hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 16,237 patients with chronic diseases followed-up in one year. The data were collected through the electronic system, according to the number of physician appointments in 23 pediatric specialties. Patients were divided in two groups: children (0-9 years) and adolescents (10-19 years). Early (10-14 years) and late (15-19 years) adolescent groups were also analyzed. Results: Of the total sample, 56% were children and 46% were adolescents. The frequencies of following pediatric specialties were significantly higher in adolescents when compared with children: cardiology, endocrinology, hematology, nephrology/renal transplantation, neurology, nutrology, oncology, palliative and pain care, psychiatry, and rheumatology (p <. 0.05). The frequencies of emergency service visits (30% vs. 17%, p <. 0.001), hospitalizations (23% vs. 11%, p <. 0.001), intensive care unit admissions (6% vs. 2%, p <. 0.001), and deaths (1% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.002) were significantly lower in adolescents than in children. However, the number of physician appointments (>=13) per patient was also higher in the adolescent group (5% vs. 6%, p = 0.018). Further analysis comparison between early and late adolescents revealed that the first group had significantly more physician appointments (35% vs. 32%, p = 0.025), and required more than two pediatric specialties (22% vs. 21%, p = 0.047). Likewise, the frequencies of emergency service visits (19% vs. 14%, p <. 0.001) and hospitalizations (12% vs. 10%, p = 0.035) were higher in early adolescents. Conclusions: This study evaluated a large population in a Latin American hospital and suggested that early adolescents with chronic diseases required many appointments, multiple specialties and hospital admissions.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2017 List

Notes

Using Smart Source Parsing
Date of Publication: 2017

Citation

Alveno RA; Miranda CV; Passone CG; Waetge AR; Hojo ES; Farhat SCL; Odone-Filho V; Tannuri U; Carvalho WB; Carneiro-Sampaio M; Silva CA, “Pediatric chronic patients at outpatient clinics: A study in a Latin American University Hospital,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 20, 2018, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11042.

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