Deaths and end-of-life decisions differed between neonatal and paediatric intensive care units at the same children's hospital

Title

Deaths and end-of-life decisions differed between neonatal and paediatric intensive care units at the same children's hospital

Creator

Snoep MC; Jansen NJG; Groenendaal F

Identifier

Publisher

Acta Paediatrica

Date

2017

Subject

End-of-life Decisions; Ethics; Mortality; Neonatal Intensive Care Unit; Paediatric Intensive Care Unit

Description

AIM: We compared neonatal deaths and end-of-life decisions in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a Dutch tertiary children's hospital. SUBJECTS: All 235 full-term infants who died within 28 days of life between 2003 and 2013 in the NICU (n = 199) and PICU (n = 36) were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: The median length of stay was three days in the NICU and seven days in the PICU (p = 0.003). The main reasons for NICU stays were asphyxia (52.8%) and congenital malformations (42.2%), and in the PICU, they were congenital malformations (97.2%) and primarily cardiac problems (83.3%, p < 0.001). The median age of death was three days in the NICU and eight days in the PICU (p < 0.001), and mortality despite full intensive care treatment was 4.0% and 25.0%, respectively. Intensive treatment was discontinued because of poor survival chances in 25.1% of NICU and 52.8% of PICU cases (p < 0.001), and care was redirected because of expected poor quality of life in 70.9% and 22.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Differences between the age at death and end-of-life decisions were found between full-term infants in the NICU and PICU in the same children's hospital. Underlying disorders and doctors' attitudes may have played a role.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

November 2017 List

Notes

1651-2227
Snoep, Maartje C
Jansen, Nicolaas J G
Groenendaal, Floris
Journal Article
Norway
Acta Paediatr. 2017 Sep 4. doi: 10.1111/apa.14061.

Citation

Snoep MC; Jansen NJG; Groenendaal F, “Deaths and end-of-life decisions differed between neonatal and paediatric intensive care units at the same children's hospital,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed November 27, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/11030.

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