Reiki Therapy For Symptom Management In Children Receiving Palliative Care: A Pilot Study

Title

Reiki Therapy For Symptom Management In Children Receiving Palliative Care: A Pilot Study

Creator

Thrane SE; Maurer SH; Dianxu Ren; Danford CA; Cohen Susan M

Identifier

10.1177/1049909116630973

Publisher

The American Journal Of Hospice & Palliative Care

Date

2017

Subject

Anxiety; Pain; Palliative; Pediatric; Reiki; Symptom Management

Description

BACKGROUND: Pain may be reported in one-half to three-fourths of children with cancer and other terminal conditions and anxiety in about one-third of them. Pharmacologic methods do not always give satisfactory symptom relief. Complementary therapies such as Reiki may help children manage symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This pre-post mixed-methods single group pilot study examined feasibility, acceptability, and the outcomes of pain, anxiety, and relaxation using Reiki therapy with children receiving palliative care. METHODS: A convenience sample of children ages 7 to 16 and their parents were recruited from a palliative care service. Two 24-minute Reiki sessions were completed at the children's home. Paired t tests or Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were calculated to compare change from pre to post for outcome variables. Significance was set at P < .10. Cohen d effect sizes were calculated. RESULTS: The final sample included 8 verbal and 8 nonverbal children, 16 mothers, and 1 nurse. All mean scores for outcome variables decreased from pre- to posttreatment for both sessions. Significant decreases for pain for treatment 1 in nonverbal children ( P = .063) and for respiratory rate for treatment 2 in verbal children ( P = .009). Cohen d effect sizes were medium to large for most outcome measures. DISCUSSION: Decreased mean scores for outcome measures indicate that Reiki therapy did decrease pain, anxiety, heart, and respiratory rates, but small sample size deterred statistical significance. This preliminary work suggests that complementary methods of treatment such as Reiki may be beneficial to support traditional methods to manage pain and anxiety in children receiving palliative care.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

June 2017 List

URL Address

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26858170

Citation

Thrane SE; Maurer SH; Dianxu Ren; Danford CA; Cohen Susan M, “Reiki Therapy For Symptom Management In Children Receiving Palliative Care: A Pilot Study,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 22, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10901.

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