A Qualitative Examination Of Physician Gender And Parental Status In Pediatric End-of-life Communication

Title

A Qualitative Examination Of Physician Gender And Parental Status In Pediatric End-of-life Communication

Creator

Bateman LB; White ML; Tofil NM; Clair JM; Needham BL

Identifier

DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2016.1196412

Publisher

Health Communication

Date

2017

Description

In this study we utilized the framework of patient-centered communication to explore the influence of physician gender and physician parental status on (1) physician-parent communication and (2) care of pediatric patients at the end of life (EOL). The findings presented here emerged from a larger qualitative study that explored physician narratives surrounding pediatric EOL communication. The current study includes 17 pediatric critical care and pediatric emergency medicine physician participants who completed narrative interviews between March and October 2012 to discuss how their backgrounds influenced their approaches to pediatric EOL communication. Between April and June of 2013, participants completed a second round of narrative interviews to discuss topics generated out of the first round of interviews. We used grounded theory to inform the design and analysis of the study. Findings indicated that physician gender is related to pediatric EOL communication and care in two primary ways: (1) the level of physician emotional distress and (2) the way physicians perceive the influence of gender on communication. Additionally, parental status emerged as an important theme as it related to EOL decision-making and communication, emotional distress, and empathy. Although physicians reported experiencing more emotional distress related to interacting with patients at the EOL after they became parents, they also felt that they were better able to show empathy to parents of their patients.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

September 2017 List

Citation

Bateman LB; White ML; Tofil NM; Clair JM; Needham BL, “A Qualitative Examination Of Physician Gender And Parental Status In Pediatric End-of-life Communication,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 25, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10761.

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