Family Conferences In The Neonatal Icu: Observation Of Communication Dynamics And Contributions

Title

Family Conferences In The Neonatal Icu: Observation Of Communication Dynamics And Contributions

Creator

Boss RD; Donohue PK; Larson SM; Arnold RM; Roter DL

Publisher

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Date

2016

Description

OBJECTIVES: Clinicians in the neonatal ICU must engage in clear and compassionate communication with families. Empirical, observational studies of neonatal ICU family conferences are needed to develop counseling best practices and to train clinicians in key communication skills. We devised a pilot study to record and analyze how interdisciplinary neonatal ICU clinicians and parents navigate difficult conversations during neonatal ICU family conferences. DESIGN: We prospectively identified and audiotaped a convenience sample of neonatal ICU family conferences about "difficult news." Conversations were analyzed using the Roter interaction analysis system, a quantitative tool for assessing content and quality of patient-provider communication. SETTING: An urban academic children's medical center with a 45-bed level IV neonatal ICU. SUBJECTS: Neonatal ICU parents and clinicians. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We analyzed 19 family conferences that included 31 family members and 23 clinicians. The child's mother was included in all conferences, and a second parent, usually the father, was present in 13 conferences. All but one conference included multiple medical team members. On average, physicians contributed 65% of all dialogue, regardless of who else was present. Over half (56%) of this dialogue involved giving medical information; under 5% of clinician dialogue involved asking questions of the family, and families rarely (5% of dialogue) asked questions. Conversations were longer with the presence of nonphysician clinicians, but this did not increase the amount of dialogue about psychosocial information or increase parent dialogue. CONCLUSIONS: We collected a novel repository of audio-recorded neonatal ICU family meetings that offers insights into discussion content and process. These meetings were heavily focused on biomedical information even when interdisciplinary clinicians were present. Clinicians always talked more than parents, and no one asked many questions. Maximizing the participation of interdisciplinary clinicians in neonatal ICU family meetings may require explicit strategies. Methods to increase family engagement should be targeted.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

February 2017 List

Citation

Boss RD; Donohue PK; Larson SM; Arnold RM; Roter DL, “Family Conferences In The Neonatal Icu: Observation Of Communication Dynamics And Contributions,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed September 21, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10733.

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