Mechanical Ventilation In Children With Life-limiting Conditions

Title

Mechanical Ventilation In Children With Life-limiting Conditions

Creator

Gaboli M; Pecellin ID; Garrido MM; Cantero EQ; Carro CC; Rodriguez LMR; Valencia JPG

Identifier

10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.OA248

Publisher

European Respiratory Journal

Date

2016

Subject

Artificial Ventilation; Adult; Cancer Epidemiology; Cerebral Palsy; Child; Chromosome Disorder; Cognitive Defect; Controlled Study; Cross-sectional Studies; Cross-sectional Study; Death; Follow Up; Human; Lung Disease; Major Clinical Study; Mucopolysaccharidosis; Neuromuscular Disease; Only Child; Palliative Care; Palliative Therapy; Quality Of Life; Respiration Artificial; Respiratory Insufficiency; Spain; University Hospital; Ventilators Mechanical; Young Adult

Description

Background: Respiratory insufficiency in children with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions is common, it has a lasting impact, yet there is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians in its management with home support. Objectives: Our aim was to review palliative indication of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in Southwestern Spain. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study including pediatric patients (aged 0 to 18 years) who were being taken care by the HMV program at the University Hospital Virgen del Rocio in Seville between 2000 and 2015. Results: A total of 78 patients were analyzed, 22 on invasive ventilation (10 with 24 hours/day) and 56 on no invasive ventilation. Duration of HMV varies from 2 days to 15 years. According to standards for pediatric palliative care in Europe, 12 patients suffered from life-threatening illness, (group 1; 4 cancer, 8 no progressive lung disease), 17 had conditions in which premature death is inevitable (group 2; 3 mucopolysaccharidosis, 14 malformative syndrome or chromosomopathy), 38 had progressive conditions without curative options (group 3; 30 neuromuscular diseases, 8 neurological progressive disease of unknown origin), 7 had irreversible but not progressive conditions (group 4; cerebral palsy). When HMV was started 17 patients had severe cognitive impairment, and HMV was indicated to improve quality of life by reducing hospital visits. During follow up, 3 patients died and 3 were weaned from HMV (group 1). Only 4 patients were included in a pediatric palliative care program. Conclusions: Up to 95% of patients with HMV can benefit from palliative care. HMV in children with chronic conditions aims to ameliorate their quality of life, but may pose ethical dilemmas.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

May 2017 List

Citation

Gaboli M; Pecellin ID; Garrido MM; Cantero EQ; Carro CC; Rodriguez LMR; Valencia JPG, “Mechanical Ventilation In Children With Life-limiting Conditions,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed October 20, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10701.

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