Measuring And Communicating Meaningful Outcomes In Neonatology: A Family Perspective

Title

Measuring And Communicating Meaningful Outcomes In Neonatology: A Family Perspective

Creator

Annie Janviera; Barbara Farlow; Jason Baardsnesf; Rebecca Pearceg; Keith J Barringtona

Identifier

http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2016.09.009

Publisher

Seminars In Perinatology

Date

2016

Subject

Parents; Neurodevelopmental Outcomes; Child; Composite End-points; Birth; Down-syndrome; Obstetrics & Gynecology; Extremely Preterm Infants; Of-life Decisions; Pediatrics; Gestational Age
Extreme Prematurity; Congenital Anomalies; Neonatal Intensive Care Unit; Life-sustaining Interventions; End-of-life Decision Making; Disability; Screening; Palliative Care; Family-centered Care; Communication; Empathy

Description

Abstract
Medium- and long-term outcomes have been collected and described among survivors of neonatal intensive care units for decades, for a number of purposes: (1) quality control within units, (2) comparisons of outcomes between NICUs, (3) clinical trials (whether an intervention improves outcomes), (4) end-of-life decision-making, (5) to better understand the effects of neonatal conditions and/or interventions on organs and/or long-term health, and finally (6) to better prepare parents for the future. However, the outcomes evaluated have been selected by investigators, based on feasibility, availability, cost, stability, and on what investigators consider to be important. Many of the routinely measured outcomes have major limitations: they may not correlate well with long-term difficulties, they may artificially divide continuous outcomes into dichotomous ones, and may have no clear relationship with quality of life and functioning of children and their families. Several investigations, such as routine term cerebral resonance imaging for preterm infants, have also not yet been shown to improve the outcome of children nor their families. In this article, the most common variables used in neonatology as well as some variables which are rarely measured but may be of equal importance for families are presented. The manner in which these outcomes are communicated to families will be examined, as well as recommendations to optimize communication with parents.

Abbreviations
BPD, bronchopulmonary dysplasia; BSID, Bayley Scales of Infant Development; GA, gestational age; NDI, neurodevelopmental impairment; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; ROP, retinopathy of prematurity
Keywords
Extreme prematurity; Congenital anomalies; Neonatal intensive care unit; Life-sustaining interventions; End-of-life decisions; Disability; Screening; Palliative care; Family-centered care; Communication; Empathy

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

October 2016 List

Citation

Annie Janviera; Barbara Farlow; Jason Baardsnesf; Rebecca Pearceg; Keith J Barringtona, “Measuring And Communicating Meaningful Outcomes In Neonatology: A Family Perspective,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed August 1, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10657.

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