An Order Protocol For Respiratory Distress/acute Pain Crisis In Pediatric Palliative Care Patients: Medical And Nursing Staff Perceptions

Title

An Order Protocol For Respiratory Distress/acute Pain Crisis In Pediatric Palliative Care Patients: Medical And Nursing Staff Perceptions

Creator

Bidet G; Daoust L; Duval M; Ducruet T; Toledano B; Humbert N

Identifier

DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2015.0100

Publisher

Journal Of Palliative Medicine

Date

2016

Subject

Acute Pain/therapy; Adolescent; Adult; Advance Directives; Aged; Attitude Of Health Personnel; Canada; Child; Child Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Infant Newborn; Male; Medical Staff Hospital/psychology; Middle Aged; Nursing Staff Hospital/psychology; Palliative Care/standards; Pediatric Nursing/standards; Practice Guidelines As Topic; Respiratory Distress Syndrome Adult/therapy; Surveys And Questionnaires; Young Adult

Description

BACKGROUND:
An order protocol for distress (OPD), including respiratory distress and acute pain crisis, has been established for pediatric palliative care patients at Sainte-Justine Hospital (SJH). After discussion with the patient/his or her family, the OPD is prescribed by the attending physician whenever judged appropriate. The OPD can then be initiated by the bedside nurse when necessary; the physician is notified after the first dose is administered.
OBJECTIVES:
The study objectives were to evaluate the perceptions and experience of the medical/nursing staff towards the use of the OPD.
METHODS:
A survey was distributed to all physicians/nurses working on wards with pediatric palliative care patients. Answers to the survey were anonymous, done on a voluntary basis, and after consent of the participant.
RESULTS:
Surveys (258/548) were answered corresponding to a response rate of 47%. According to the respondents, the most important motivations in using the OPD were the desire to relieve patient's distress and the speed of relief of distress by the OPD; the most important obstacles were going against the patient's/his or her family's wishes and fear of hastening death. The respondents reported that the OPD was frequently (56%) or always (36%) effective in relieving the patient's distress. The respondents felt sometimes (16%), frequently (34%), or always (41%) comfortable in giving the OPD. They thought the OPD could never (12%), rarely (32%), sometimes (46%), frequently (8%), or always (1%) hasten death. Physicians were less favorable than nurses with the autonomy of bedside nurses to initiate the OPD before notifying the physician (p = 0.04). Overall, 95% of respondents considered that they would use the OPD in the future.
CONCLUSIONS:
Data from this survey shows that respondents are in favor of using the OPD at SJH and find it effective. Further training as well as support for health care professionals are mandatory in such palliative care settings.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

March 2016 List

Citation

Bidet G; Daoust L; Duval M; Ducruet T; Toledano B; Humbert N, “An Order Protocol For Respiratory Distress/acute Pain Crisis In Pediatric Palliative Care Patients: Medical And Nursing Staff Perceptions,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed January 21, 2022, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10554.

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