A Survey Of Key Opinion Leaders On Ethical Resuscitation Practices In 31 European Countries.

Title

A Survey Of Key Opinion Leaders On Ethical Resuscitation Practices In 31 European Countries.

Creator

Mentzelopoulos SD; Bossaert L; Raffay V; Askitopoulou H; Perkins GD; Greif R; Haywood K; Van de Voorde P; Xanthos T

Publisher

Resuscitation

Date

2016

Subject

Adult; Cardioulmonary Resuscitation/ethics; Child; Child Preschool; Ethics Medical; Europe; Female; Heart Arrest/therapy; Humans; Leadership; Linear Models; Male; Surveys And Questionnaires; Terminal Care/ethics
Bioethics; Cardiac Arrest; Emergency Care; End-of-life Care; Resuscitation

Description

BACKGROUND:
Europe is a patchwork of 47 countries with legal, cultural, religious, and economic differences. A prior study suggested variation in ethical resuscitation/end-of-life practices across Europe. This study aimed to determine whether this variation has evolved, and whether the application of ethical practices is associated with emergency care organisation.
METHODS:
A questionnaire covering four domains of resuscitation ethics was developed based on consensus: (A) Approaches to end-of-life care and family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation; (B) Determinants of access to best resuscitation and post-resuscitation care; (C) Diagnosis of death and organ donation (D) Emergency care organisation. The questionnaire was sent to representatives of 32 countries. Responses to 4-choice or 2-choice questions pertained to local legislation and common practice. Positive responses were graded by 1 and negative responses by 0; grades were reconfirmed/corrected by respondents from 31/32 countries (97%). For each resuscitation/end-of-life practice a subcomponent score was calculated by grades' summation. Subcomponent scores' summation resulted in domain total scores.
RESULTS:
Data from 31 countries were analysed. Domains A, B, and D total scores exhibited substantial variation (respective total score ranges, 1-41, 0-19 and 9-32), suggesting variable interpretation and application of bioethical principles, and particularly of autonomy. Linear regression revealed a significant association between domain A and D total scores (adjusted r(2)=0.42, P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS:
According to key experts, ethical practices and emergency care still vary across Europe. There is need for harmonised legislation, and improved, education-based interpretation/application of bioethical principles. Better application of ethical practices may be associated with improved emergency care organisation.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. PedPalASCNET does not hold any rights over the resource listed here. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Citation List Month

December 2016 List

Citation

Mentzelopoulos SD; Bossaert L; Raffay V; Askitopoulou H; Perkins GD; Greif R; Haywood K; Van de Voorde P; Xanthos T, “A Survey Of Key Opinion Leaders On Ethical Resuscitation Practices In 31 European Countries.,” Pediatric Palliative Care Library, accessed July 28, 2021, https://pedpalascnetlibrary.omeka.net/items/show/10489.

Social Bookmarking