Browse Items (196 total)

Carnitine is an essential nutrient for the mitochondrial transport of fatty acids. Carnitine deficiency causes a variety of symptoms in multiple organs. Patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities often have carnitine deficiency. This…

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Rett syndrome is a rare but severe neurological disorder typically associated with a mutation in the MECP2 gene. We describe change in gross motor function over 3 to 4 years for 70 subjects participating in the Australian Rett Syndrome Database.…

AIM: We investigated relationships between hand function and genotype and aspects of phenotype in Rett syndrome. METHOD: Video assessment in naturalistic settings was supplemented by parent-reported data in a cross-sectional study of 144 females with…

BACKGROUND: Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration is a progressive neurological disorder occurring in both childhood and adulthood. The objective of this study was to design and pilot-test a disease-specific clinical rating scale for the…

OBJECTIVE: To assess the perception of parents concerning the state of comfort maintained in their infants born with life-limiting conditions and treated by a standardized neonatal comfort care program. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were parents (n=35…

BACKGROUND: On average, people will experience 2.28 hospital admissions in the last year of life with the likelihood of a hospital admission increasing in the last 2 weeks of life. Reducing hospital admissions has become a focus for high-income…

BACKGROUND: Pediatric palliative care programs aim to improve the quality of life of children with severe life-threatening illnesses, and that of their families. Although rehabilitation and physical therapy provides a valuable tool for the control of…

BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of literature that investigates life transitions of young adults (YAs) with life-limiting conditions, families and professionals. The scant literature that is available has methodological limitations, including not…

CONTEXT: Losing a child is the most burdensome event parents can experience involving risks of developing anxiety and depression. OBJECTIVES: To investigate anxiety and depression in bereaved parents during their child's life-limiting illness and…

Background: Increasing numbers of young adults with life-limiting conditions are living into adulthood and consequently making the transition from children's to adult services. A poorly planned transition is associated with adverse outcomes such as…

IMPORTANCE: Children, adolescents, and young adults with life-limiting conditions experience various challenges that may make them more vulnerable to mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression. However, the prevalence and incidence of…

Objective: To assess changes in attitudes of neonatologists regarding the care of extremely preterm infants and parental involvement over the last 20 years. Study design: Internet-based survey (2016) involving 170 tertiary neonatal intensive care…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the perceptions of caregivers of children with medical complexity (CMC) about their decision to pursue tracheostomy for their children, in particular the satisfaction with their decision. STUDY DESIGN: In this qualitative study…

This paper describes Mexican American family members' descriptions of perceived discrimination by pediatric health care providers (HCPs) and the families' reactions to the HCPs' discriminatory conduct. A retrospective, grounded theory design guided…

Background/Objectives: Discussing end-of-life (EoL) care is very challenging for adolescents and young adults (AYA) living with cancer. While many helpful documents exist to facilitate EoL conversations with adults, few resources exist to aid AYA in…

Introduction About 4% of all cancers occur in adolescent and young adults (AYA) population in Japan. Quality and intensity of end-of-life (EOL) care in this population vary among different nationalities or cultures. Objectives We aimed to evaluate…

BACKGROUND: Patients with a terminal illness should have access to their chosen location of death. Cancer is the leading cause of non-accidental death among adolescents and young adults (AYAs; those aged 15-39 years). Although surveys have suggested…

OBJECTIVE: Previous work in pediatric oncology has found that clinicians and parents tend to under-report the frequency and severity of treatment-related symptoms compared to child self-report. As such, there is a need to identify high-quality…

Cancer is the leading cause of disease-related death for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) in the United States. Parents of AYAs with life-threatening illnesses have expressed the desire to talk to their children about end of life (EOL) care, yet,…

Background: Our objective was to evaluate children with metabolic diseases in paediatric palliative home care (PPC) and the process of decision-making. This study was conducted as single-centre retrospective cohort study of patients in the care of a…

DESIGN: A realist evaluation using mixed methods with four phases of data collection in the island of Ireland. Phase one: a questionnaire survey of statutory and non-statutory organisations providing health, social and educational services to young…

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate baseline data on the health characteristics, health care utilization, and health care spending among privately insured adolescents and young adults (AYA), who were enrolled in hospice care during…

BACKGROUND: Improvements in care and treatment have led to more young adults with life-limiting conditions living beyond childhood, which means they must make the transition from children's to adult services. This has proved a challenging process for…

Introduction: Advancement in medical science and better health care has led to increased survival of children with complex neurodisability (cerebral palsy, neuromuscular, neuro-metabolic, and genetic disorders). Paediatric palliative care has…

Background: Approximately, 300 children die in Denmark every year. In order to support future implementation of specialized pediatric palliative care the aim of this study was to investigate the needs, quality of life and severity of distress of…

Background: Inpatient hospice care (IHC) for adults in Germany is used in the last weeks of life. Children, adolescents and young adults (ACA) with life-limiting diseases are entitled to 28 days/year of IHC during their lifetime. We explored various…

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