Browse Items (176 total)

A preliminary evaluation to review the scope and quality of evidence surrounding transdermal buprenorphine use in the pediatric setting for non-surgical pain was conducted. Our review revealed limited data available on the use of transdermal…

Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is an inherited hematologic disorder characterized by the presence of sickle-shaped red blood cells (RBC). 1 Misshapen RBCs are rigid, which leads to occlusion of blood vessels resulting in tissue ischemia and pain. Pain can…

Background: Emily's House Children's Hospice (EH) located in Toronto, Canada provides respite, transitional care, symptom management, and end-of-life (EoL) care. Children with serious medical conditions and their families may access any program over…

Background: Buprenorphine is an opioid medication used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. In Canada, buprenorphine is not indicated for use in the pediatric population and literature surrounding its use in pediatrics is limited. Our aim…

Nonpharmacologic, mind-body interventions are used to reduce anxiety in pediatric patients. Anti-ganglioside GD2 monoclonal antibody (anti-GD2 MoAb 3F8) therapy is the standard of care for high-risk neuroblastoma and pain is its major side effect. We…

Context: There is an ongoing established need to develop engaging pain assessment strategies to provide more effective individualized care to pediatric patients with serious illnesses. This study explores the acceptability of wireless devices as one…

Objective: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescentes with chronic diseases of outpatient clinics at a tertiary university hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 16,237 patients with chronic diseases…

Background/Objectives: To address a service gap at the primary treating Center arising from patient overload and on holidays/weekends, Cankids Pediatric Palliative Care Center in Delhi was providing children with cancer inpatient admissions and…

Throughout the long history of opioid drug use by humans, it has been known that opioids are powerful analgesics, but they can cause addiction. It has also been observed, and is now substantiated by multiple reports and studies, that during opioid…

A 15-year-old girl with combined immune deficiency syndrome, diagnosed with metastatic squamous cell cancer of the anus, had significant pain secondary to vulvar-perianal condyloma. Conventional treatment with oral and intravenous analgesics was…

OBJECTIVE: To provide descriptive data evaluating outcome and treatment satisfaction among former pediatric patients and their parents seen in an interdisciplinary treatment program for complex pain syndromes. DESIGN: Retrospective telephone…

A randomized, double-blind, prospective study was performed to determine the effects of perioperative administration of morphine or methadone on postoperative analgesic requirements and pain scores in 35 children aged 3 to 7 years undergoing major…

The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy of the alternate forms reliability of three versions of the Oucher pain scale. Because the original large-sized posters were unwieldy for use by nurses with children in clinical settings, it…

Blood samples were taken from six children aged between 10 months and 15 years, at intervals over a period of 40 hours while they were receiving continuous morphine infusions. The plasma morphine values obtained showed similar and consistent levels…

Advances in the treatment of pain for children with severe disabilities have lagged behind that for other children. This is due, in part, to a lack of valid assessment tools for their pain. The non-communicating children's pain checklists are…

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Non-communicating Children's Pain Checklist-Postoperative Version (NCCPC-PV) when used with children with severe intellectual disabilities. METHODS: The caregivers of 24 children…

OBJECTIVE: Chronic cancer pain is often refractory and difficult to treat. Ketamine is a medication with evidence of efficacy in the treatment of chronic pain. DESIGN: This article presents a synthesis of the data on ketamine for refractory cancer…

The aim of mindfulness meditation is to develop present-focused, non-judgmental, attention. Therefore, experience in meditation should be associated with less anticipation and negative appraisal of pain. In this study we compared a group of…

Background In non-walking children with severe spasticity, daily care can be difficult and many patients suffer from pain. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) reduces spasticity in the legs, and therefore has the potential to improve daily care and…

Pain assessment is a difficult task for parents at home following children's surgery. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the psychometric properties of a behavioural measure of postoperative pain developed to assist parents with pain…

The Functional Disability Inventory (FDI; Walker LS, Greene JW. The functional disability inventory: measuring a neglected dimension of child health status. J Pediatr Psychol 1991;16:39-58) assesses activity limitations in children and adolescents…

We report the case of a 4-month-old infant with terminal malignancy who had systemic metastases and a localized metastasis to the dorsal midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG). Extraordinary doses of opioids (dose equivalent of 2680 mg morphine…

Terror Management Theory (TMT), derived from Ernest Becker’s The Denial of Death (1974), maintains that humans are motivated by the desire to overcome our fear of death by constructing meaning and significance in our lives in various ways, including…

BACKGROUND. Development of tolerance to opioid analgesics occurs often in patients with cancer-related pain. Cross-tolerance among opioid analgesics provides the physician with a major management problem. Incomplete cross-tolerance among opioid…

Our knowledge of the prevalence and sources of pain within hospital is limited. The present study is an epidemiological investigation of pain in a pediatric hospital. All children who were inpatients in a tertiary care hospital (excluding Neonatal…

The kinetics of morphine in the plasma of children (0 to 15 yr) can in most cases be adequately described by a triexponential function. When the dosage in children receiving morphine as premedication before surgery is based on kilograms of body…

Aim: Evaluation of pediatric palliative home care of families with children suffering from neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) and their parents. Material and methods: The children were treated at home by a multidisciplinary team.…
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