Browse Items (251 total)

Objectives
Describe the role of pediatric palliative care
consultation in the neonatal intensive care unit
(NICU) setting.
Describe parent experiences with a pediatric palliative
care consultation in the NICU and implications
for practice and…

Context: Children with complex chronic conditions (CCCs) have high morbidity and mortality. While these children often receive palliative care services, little is known about parental preparedness for their child's end of life (EOL). Objective(s):…

Objectives: * Interpret results of this study relative to previous research. * Evaluate the benefits of a pediatric inpatient hospice facility. Importance: Pediatric-specific hospice facilities (PHFs) are gaining interest as an alternative for…

CONTEXT: Specialized pediatric palliative home care (SPPHC) is the main pediatric palliative care structure in Germany. Detailed data on patient characteristics and care are sparse. Describing this population in terms of diagnoses and care needs is…

Objectives: Children with Progressive Life Shortening Illnesses (PLSIs) are children whose lives are shrouded with uncertainty as they live with conditions for which cure, and of ten even effective treatments, is not available. Nevertheless, the…

Objectives

Define a collaborative model between pediatric palliative care teams and child psychiatry.

Demonstrate knowledge of psychotropic medication use in children with advanced illness.

Recognize when the involvement of child psychiatry is…

Objectives: * Describe the evidence from a growing body of literature demonstrating the dearth of pediatric-focused training and resources for community hospice nurses, as well as the lack of comfort of community hospice nurses with providing…

CONTEXT:
Specialized pediatric palliative care (PPC) services have become more common in urban pediatric hospital settings, although little is known about palliative care specialist involvement.
OBJECTIVES:
The objective of this study was to compare…

Context: Specialized pediatric palliative care (PPC) services have become more common in urban pediatric hospital settings, although little is known about palliative care specialist involvement.Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare…

Objectives * Compare purposeful and non-purposeful continuing bonds between one and two years post-death. * Compare comforting and discomforting effects of continuing bonds between one and two years post-death. Original Research Background.…

OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue (CF) is secondary traumatic distress experienced by providers from contact with patients' suffering. Burnout (BO) is job-related distress resulting from uncontrollable workplace factors that manifest in career…

After a baseline symptom and laboratory assessment, 24 patients with metastatic bone disease and pain were randomized to receive either a 4-hr intravenous infusion of 2-dichloromethylene bisphosphonate (Cl2MDP), 600 mg in 500 mL of normal saline, or…

A reliable and valid measure of the quality of the dying experience would help clinicians and researchers improve care for dying patients. To describe the validity of an instrument assessing the quality of dying and death using the perspective of…

CONTEXT: Prior studies have indicated that pediatric palliative care (PPC) resources vary across states and within regions in a state. Evaluating the current status of PPC and pediatric hospice care through a community needs assessment (CNA) can help…

Context: Most children with cancer die in hospital settings, without hospice, and many suffer from high-intensity medical interventions and pain at end of life (EOL). Objective(s): To examine the effects of COMPLETE: a communication plan early…

Context No consensus exists about the most appropriate dose ratio for conversion from parenteral to oral ketamine. Objectives To confirm that a 1:1 dose ratio is suitable for converting subcutaneous (s.c.) to oral ketamine in cancer patients. Methods…

The results of a novel approach to the use of ketamine in refractory cancer pain are reported. In this prospective, multicenter, unblinded, open-label audit, 39 patients (with a total of 43 pains) received a short duration (3 to 5 days) ketamine…

Objectives: Children with Progressive Life Shortening
Illnesses (PLSIs) are children whose lives are shrouded
with uncertainty as they live with conditions for which
cure, and often even effective treatments, is not available.
Nevertheless, the…

Abstract Context: Insufficient communication from the medical team following a child's death may compound parental grief. Pediatric residents care for children who die, yet the landscape of condolence expression education within residency programs…

Objectives: 1. Describe patterns of pediatric palliative care and care disparities in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and families hospitalized in the Deep South (Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi). 2. Describe implications for…

It has been two decades since advance directives have become an integral part of health care. Impediments to their optimal usage are common and multifactorial. Decisions commonly have to be made when patients are unable to do so or choose not to…

CONTEXT: Cancer is the leading cause of non-accidental death in childhood, with the death of a child representing a devastating loss for families. Peer support offers a valuable way to support parents' adjustment in bereavement. The By My Side book…

The psychometric characteristics of the Faces Pain Scale (FPS) were evaluated in three groups of preschool and school-aged children (3. 5-4.5; 4.5-5.5 and 5.5-6.5 years, respectively). The FPS was adequately comprehended by even young children. It…

Objectives * Discuss problems due to severe central nervous system impairment that can remain intractable to treatment options. * Define tipping points that can prompt anticipatory discussions, including suggested recommendations that best meet…

Children are seeing rapid changes to their routines and facing an unpredictable future. Palliative care teams may consider expanding their communication training and skill sets to help families consider caring ways to communicate with their children…

Recent studies have made it clear that there are substantial opportunities to improve end-of-life care. Doing so will require solid evidence on which to base clinical and policy decisions and this, in turn, will require a focused research effort.…

CONTEXT: Methadone is a long-acting opioid known for its unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Most research on methadone in children is limited to its effect on the prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval. OBJECTIVES: To…

Context Making end-of-life decisions in neonates involves ethically difficult and distressing dilemmas for healthcare providers. Insight into which factors complicate or facilitate this decision-making process could be a necessary first step in…

Objectives
Understand reasons a bereaved parent chooses to
return to the hospital for a memorial service.
Identify elements of a hospital memorial service
that parents identify as most beneficial.
Original Research Background. 77% of…

BACKGROUND: It is challenging to provide supportive intensive care to infants in the NICU, giving them every chance for survival, while also trying to minimize suffering for both the infant and parents. Parents who believe their infant is suffering…

Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is an inherited hematologic disorder characterized by the presence of sickle-shaped red blood cells (RBC). 1 Misshapen RBCs are rigid, which leads to occlusion of blood vessels resulting in tissue ischemia and pain. Pain can…

Improvement in the care of dying hospitalized patients was sought by providing evaluative feedback to individual physicians (n = 46) and nurses in three biannual _Palliative Care Reports._ Hospitalized adult patients (n = 194) for whom _death was…

CONTEXT: In order to dramatically advance the evidence base for pediatric palliative care (PPC) interventions, practices, and programs in the United States and similar practice settings, the field needs to better understand the challenges and…

Objectives: Research has shown that advance care planning concepts for adults need to be revised and adapted to be applicable to pediatric situations. A consistent approach to pediatric advance care planning (pACP) is still missing. The study aimed…

CONTEXT: Few studies have compared multiple perspectives of changes experienced by parents after a child's death. OBJECTIVES: This study used interviews with bereaved parents and siblings to examine changes in parents during the first year after the…

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