Browse Items (248 total)

CONTEXT: Prior studies have indicated that pediatric palliative care (PPC) resources vary across states and within regions in a state. Evaluating the current status of PPC and pediatric hospice care through a community needs assessment (CNA) can help…

Context Specialized pediatric palliative care (SPPC) is increasingly involved in the care of seriously ill children, yet the evidence on its impact has not been comprehensively reviewed. Objective The objective of this study was to assess the effects…

Objectives: * Discuss whether the Reiki intervention was feasible to implement with this population of very young hospitalized children receiving palliative care. * Discuss why parents thought the Reiki intervention was helpful to their child.…

Objectives: * Examine the key structures and processes of inpatient pediatric palliative care programs in the United States. * Assess the degree of variation in program delivery, staffing, and patient volumes. * Identify three threats and three…

Objectives: * Describe state of current science and theory related to grief and bereavement. * Discuss variations of grief and strategies to support bereaved individuals. * Identify best practices to support healthy grief in hospice and palliative…

Objectives: * Describe a prospective study to evaluate how parents of children with advanced heart disease (AHD) perceive communication about prognosis with their child's physicians. * Describe results from this analysis that found no correlation…

Objectives: * Identify parent perceptions of suffering at end of life in children with life-threatening complex chronic conditions. * Describe factors associated with child suffering at end of life. Original Research Background: Research in children…

Objectives: * Describe the logistics of using telemedicine through an outpatient Pediatric Palliative Clinic. * Describe the experience of using telemedicine from the perspective of the parent, nurse, and physician.

Objectives: * List the types of community-based hospice and palliative care programs for children and describe barriers and facilitators to the use of these programs. * Describe the rates of referral and enrollment to community-based programs,…

Objectives: * Describe a longitudinal, iterative, and cross-organizational design process. * Describe pediatric palliative care program structure and process measurement. * Create additional opportunities to expand the benchmark data available for…

Objectives: * Recognize how PICUs/NICUs implement GBS IPPC recommendations. * Describe how PICUs/NICUs' resource influence their GBS care provision as related to IPPC recommendations. Original Research Background: Grief and bereavement support (GBS)…

Objectives: * Explain a novel method for creating pediatric palliative care resources using telehealth technology. * Describe preliminary data demonstrating project feasibility and satisfaction.

Objectives: * Recognize the importance of religious/spiritual assessment and care in pediatric patients with serious illness. * Identify the elements of a spiritual assessment. * Assess the needs of pediatric residents in religious and spiritual…

Objectives: * Apply the principles of plain language to deliver easy-to-understand, evidence-based palliative care information to those with serious illnesses and their families. * Utilize common forms of telecommunications (text messaging and email)…

Objectives: * Compare the benefits of a primary palliative care model to those of a specialty palliative care service. * Propose a stepwise process to initiate the transition from a specialty palliative care service to a primary palliative care…

Objective: Quality of Life (QoL) is the core of pediatric palliative care (PPC). The evaluation of QoL allows the adjustment of patient care. However, it remains difficult for clinicians to measure it in this population because there is very little…

CONTEXT: Most of the 20,000 US children dying of serious illnesses annually die in the hospital. It is unknown if this hospital death predominance reflects family wishes or systemic issues such as lack of hospice access. Hence, we need to better…

BACKGROUND: It is challenging to provide supportive intensive care to infants in the NICU, giving them every chance for survival, while also trying to minimize suffering for both the infant and parents. Parents who believe their infant is suffering…

Context Making end-of-life decisions in neonates involves ethically difficult and distressing dilemmas for healthcare providers. Insight into which factors complicate or facilitate this decision-making process could be a necessary first step in…

CONTEXT: In order to dramatically advance the evidence base for pediatric palliative care (PPC) interventions, practices, and programs in the United States and similar practice settings, the field needs to better understand the challenges and…

CONTEXT: Most children living and dying with serious illnesses experience high burden of distressing symptoms. Many seriously ill children and their families do not have access to subspecialist pediatric palliative care (PPC) services nor to…

Context Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders are common among children receiving palliative care, who may nevertheless benefit from surgery and other procedures. Although anesthesia, surgery, and pediatric guidelines recommend systematic reconsideration…

Objectives: *Discuss bereaved parent and staff perspectives regarding limitations for end-of-life care for children who die in intensive care units.*Explain the process of co-creation sessions, and identify opportunity concepts for improving end of…

CONTEXT: In our increasingly multicultural society, providing sensitive and respectful pediatric palliative care is vital. OBJECTIVES: We held a one-day workshop conference with stakeholders and pediatric clinicians to identify suggestions for…

Objectives: *Establish the need for a family caregiver intervention for parents of children with rare diseases.*Introduce the intervention and its components.*Disseminate findings from the piloting of this intervention. In the U.S. a rare disease is…

Objectives: 1. Describe patterns of pediatric palliative care and care disparities in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and families hospitalized in the Deep South (Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi). 2. Describe implications for…

CONTEXT: Methadone is a long-acting opioid known for its unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Most research on methadone in children is limited to its effect on the prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval. OBJECTIVES: To…

CONTEXT: Early integration of palliative care (PC) in the management of children with high-risk cancer is widely endorsed by patients, families, clinicians, and national organizations. However, optimal timing for PC consultation is not standardized,…

Background: Emily's House Children's Hospice (EH) located in Toronto, Canada provides residential hospice services to children living with serious medical conditions. The use of music therapy to ameliorate anxiety and pain is well documented in…

Background: The loss of a child in the first hours or days of life is a profoundly distressing event for parents. Provision of appropriate psycho-social care for bereaved parents is critical. Current perinatal and neonatal palliative care guidelines…

Background: Emily's House Children's Hospice (EH) located in Toronto, Canada provides respite, transitional care, symptom management, and end-of-life (EoL) care. Children with serious medical conditions and their families may access any program over…

Background: A ground breaking paediatric palliative care study in Scotland in 2015 identified that 15,400 babies, children and young people (BCYP) with life-limiting conditions required input from palliative care services, significantly higher than…

Objectives: The experiences of medical residents during training in pediatric palliative care has recently become an area of focus within medical education literature. Residents' medical knowledge, skill development, and comfort in clinical practice…

Objectives: Research has shown that advance care planning concepts for adults need to be revised and adapted to be applicable to pediatric situations. A consistent approach to pediatric advance care planning (pACP) is still missing. The study aimed…
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