Browse Items (834 total)

Background: Limited research has examined the impact of a child's death from cancer on siblings. Even less is known about how these siblings change over time. Objective: This study compared changes in siblings 1 (T1) and 2 (T2) years after the death…

Background: Medical trainees consistently report suboptimal instruction and poor self-confidence in communication skills. Despite this deficit, few established training programs provide comprehensive, pediatric-specific communication education,…

BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) continues to be the most common life-limiting chronic pulmonary disease in adolescents and young adults. Treatment of CF demands a high treatment time investment to slow the progression of lung function decline, the…

AIM: Identify the palliative care learning needs of healthcare students and determine the acceptability of an innovative learning strategy for palliative care named competencia para cuidar en el hogar-paliar (CUIDAR-PALIAR) aimed to increase…

BACKGROUND: Although perinatal deaths are still a common pregnancy outcome in developing countries, little is known about the effect perinatal death has on fathers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand and describe the meaning of…

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by developmental delay, postnatal growth retardation, typical facial appearance, and broad thumbs and big toes. The behavioral phenotype of children with RTS has been described as friendly and having…

Measuring the severity of neurologic dysfunction in patients with inherited ataxias, including Friedreich ataxia (FA), is difficult because of the variable rate of progression, the variable age at onset and the variety of neural systems that may be…

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a simple and reliable method, but there are few data about its use in pediatric forms of neuromuscular diseases (NMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional effects and…

Self-injury is a defining feature of lesch-nyhan disease (LND) but does not occur in the less severely affected Lesch-Nyhan variants (LNV). The aim of this study was to quantify behavioral and emotional abnormalities in LND and LNV. Thirty-nine…

Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is a rare X-linked recessive genetic disorder associated with cognitive impairment, choreoathetosis, hyperuricemia, and the hallmark symptom of severe and involuntary self-mutilation. This study examines data gathered from a…

Previous studies on the characteristics of disturbed sleep/wake patterns in children with the Rett syndrome have yielded inconsistent findings. In the current study, momentary time sampling procedures were used to measure the sleep/wake patterns of…

BACKGROUND: Cornelia de Lange syndrome is associated with abnormalities on chromosomes 5, 10 and X. AIMS: To delineate the behavioural phenotype of Cornelia de Lange syndrome with specific reference to autistic-spectrum disorder. METHOD: A total of…

The results of a survey given to parents with Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) children (n = 30) are described with an emphasis in several areas. Developmental and degenerative patterns are outlined in detail and contrasted with developmental milestones…

Carnitine is an essential nutrient for the mitochondrial transport of fatty acids. Carnitine deficiency causes a variety of symptoms in multiple organs. Patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities often have carnitine deficiency. This…

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Aim: The symptoms of Huntington's disease are well known, yet the symptoms of juvenile Huntington's disease (JHD) are less established due to its rarity. The study examined a cluster of symptoms considered to be common, but under-recognized in JHD:…

As previously reported, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a frequent and severe medical complication of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CDLS). The incidence of GER and the correlation between its presence and degree, and the clinical phenotype of CDLS…

Researchers have argued that individuals who show self-restraint are more likely to show self-injurious behavior (SIB) that is compulsive. Self-injurious behavior, self-restraint, and compulsive behaviors have been described as features of Cornelia…

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