Browse Items (331 total)

Palliative care services in England lack data on the number of children with 'life limiting conditions' (LLCs). Recent research determined that the prevalence of LLCs in children in England was double previous estimates. We build on this by analysing…

BACKGROUND: Many children with life-threatening conditions who would have died at birth are now surviving months to years longer than previously expected. Understanding how parents make decisions is necessary to prevent parental regret about…

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the approaches used in withdrawing mechanical ventilator support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Speakers from the invited faculty of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine…

Childhood mortality is a measure of a nation's health. A statistical analysis on suspicious child female deaths was done in two years period from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2012. It's incidence was (4%) of all autopsied cases. The adolescent…

CONTEXT: Approximately 25% of children diagnosed with cancer eventually die. Losing a child puts parents at increased risk for developing psychological problems. OBJECTIVES: To explore parents' perceptions of the interaction with health care…

CONTEXT: In clinical practice, some symptoms and problems frequently occur in combination, which may have consequences for symptom management. OBJECTIVES: Facing a growing number of non-cancer patients in palliative care, this study aimed to…

CONTEXT.: The death of a child from cancer affects the entire family. Little is known about the long-term psychosocial outcomes of bereaved siblings. OBJECTIVES: To describe 1) the prevalence of risky health behaviors, psychological distress, and…

OBJECTIVE: To describe development of mobility and self-care capabilities in young children (aged 1-4 years) with cerebral palsy, and to examine whether the development of mobility and self-care capabilities differs by cerebral palsy severity in…

BACKGROUND: Low weight is an established risk factor for mortality after congenital cardiac surgery. Given the advances in the care of neonates and infants after surgery, we sought to examine the effect of low weight on outcomes in the current era.…

A 3-year-old girl with no particular medical history complained of a stomachache and died on the way to the hospital. The autopsy revealed marked right ventricular hypertrophy and dilation with no other cardiac abnormalities. Microscopically, the…

Pediatric chronic pain, which can result in deleterious effects for the child, bears the risk of aggravation into adulthood. Intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) might be an effective treatment, given the advantage of consulting with…

Pediatric palliative care (PPC) is a relatively new and quickly growing pediatric subspecialty. It is generally provided using a consultative model, and is available in most specialized pediatric hospitals. This article discusses PPC consultation…

Children with life-threatening illnesses (LTIs) are hospitalized more often and spend more days in the hospital than children without LTIs. Hospitalizations may be associated with changes in health status of children with LTIs and thus alter their…

The interdisciplinary approach is a cornerstone of a well-functioning pediatric palliative care team. These teams are most often available as an inpatient consultation service, are composed of professionals representing multiple disciplines, and are…

There are many ways to add to children's quality of life within the hospital environment. Inpatient settings offer both opportunities and challenges with respect to providing care to children with life-threatening illnesses. The barriers to pediatric…

Children with complex chronic medical conditions are at risk for significant distress during multiple points in their life. Pediatric palliative care can meaningfully assist in providing support to the child and family throughout their complex care,…

High-quality palliative care is the standard for children with life-threatening illness, especially when a cure is not possible. This review outlines a model for clinical practice that integrates clinical, psychosocial, and ethical concerns at the…

This article will cover the special considerations, challenges, and opportunities presented by caring for adolescents and young adults with life-threatening illnesses when the possibility of transition to an adult care setting arises.

Under increasing pressure to contain costs, hospitals are challenged to provide high-quality care to an increasingly complex group of children with life-threatening illness (LTI) that often worsen over time. Pediatric palliative care is an essential…

Parents of children with complex chronic illnesses experience substantial uncertainty that is heightened when the condition is an "orphan" illness not belonging to one medical specialty. The current study explores uncertainty experienced by parents…

The aim of this integrative review was to increase knowledge about parents' experiences of palliative care when their child is dying or has died due to illness using Whittemore and Knafl (2005) analysis process. Computerized databases were used to…

This article presents an original study commissioned by the UK charity, Together for Short Lives which explored children and young people up to 25years of age with life-threatening/limiting conditions and their families. Using Appreciative Inquiry…

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of animal-assisted intervention as distraction for reducing children's pain and distress before, during, and after standard blood collection procedure. Fifty children (ages 4-11 years)…

In the complex patient—doctor relationship, the principle of personal autonomy has gradually acquired more weight against medical paternalism, both in clinical practice and in bioethical thinking. 1 In many countries, this change has been…

Reductions in child mortality in high-income settings have been substantial over recent decades, although variations remain between and within countries. A three-part Series outlines the epidemiology of child mortality and a standardised approach to…

Objective: The objective of this conceptual paper was to present important constructs in attachment theory as they apply to parent and caregiver behavior in pediatric palliative care. Clarification of these constructs is provided with specific…

Objective: Our aim was to describe the clinical evolution and needs of children with spinal muscular atrophy type I treated in a domiciliary palliative care program. Method: We undertook a retrospective chart review of nine consecutive patients.…

Objective: To examine associations of depressive feelings with disease-related variables and explore the moderating effect of social support on depressive feelings in individuals with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) prospectively over 4 years.…

When parents first meet their child, they take on the entwined joys and burdens of caring for another person. Providing care for their child becomes the basic expectation, during health and illness, through the developmental milestones, into…

Objective:We hypothesized that the implementation of a neonatal palliative care initiative will result in improved markers of end-of-life care.Study design:A retrospective and prospective chart review of neonatal intensive care unit deaths was…

Objective:Evaluate changes in end-of-life care following initiation of a palliative care program in a neonatal intensive care unit.Study design:Retrospective study comparing infant deaths before and after implementation of a Palliative Care Program…

The nature and content of the conversations between the healthcare team and the parents concerning withholding or withdrawing of life-sustaining interventions for neonates vary greatly. These depend upon the status of the infant; for some neonates,…

INTRODUCTION: In Germany, 500 children die of malignancies per year. Many families wish to be cared for in a home setting at the end-of-life. METHODS: Families of children who were cared for by the paediatric palliative care team (PPCT) in a home…
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