Browse Items (385 total)

The occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is achondroplasia has been linked to brain stem compression. Overnight sleep studies (11 subjects) and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP's, 10 subjects) were recorded before and after conventional…

The role of surgical intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and trigger digits in children with mucopolysaccharide storage disorders (MPSDs) has not been clearly defined, particularly as the treatment of the underlying disease has advanced to…

Polygraphic recordings in the awake state and during sleep were performed in two girls with Rett syndrome, aged 9 y and 17 y, in order to characterize the clinically manifest breathing disorder of these patients. Primary hyperventilation was…

The results of a therapeutic trial of the use of melatonin in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex who also have severe sleep problems are reported. We used a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design. Seven patients with…

Objective: Our objective was to characterize sleep-disordered breathing in 88 children with achondroplasia aged 1 month to 12.6 years. Results: At the time of their initial polysomnography, five children had previously undergone tracheostomy, and…

We studied the circadian rhythm of serum melatonin levels in two patients with classical Rett syndrome having severe sleep disorders; serum melatonin levels were measured before and during melatonin treatment using radioimmunoassay. Patient 1 had a…

Nine girls with Rett syndrome (mean age, 10.1 years) were monitored 24 hours a day over a period of 10 weeks using wrist actigraphy. Baseline sleep-wake patterns were assessed for 1 week. Subsequently, patients underwent a 4-week melatonin treatment…

Sixty patients with disabling myoclonus excluding mainly spinal myoclonus were treated by piracetam as an open-labeled study, and myoclonus score, neurological symptoms, functional disability, and intensity of myoclonus were scored before and after…

Sleep disorders are common in NCL patients, The patients have problems such as frequent awakenings, difficulties with sleep onset, nightmares, and night terrors, The aim of the study was to examine whether the sleep disturbance in NCL can be…

In epidermolysis bullosa (EB), chronic constipation, painful defecation, and fecal impaction frequently contribute to malnutrition and growth failure. Standard treatments for constipation, such as increased intake of conventional dietary fiber and…

Melatonin was tested as a sleeping pill in five patients with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses. The single-blind, placebo-controlled study consisted of motor activity recordings, sleep logs, and administration of placebo or melatonin (2.5 or 5 mg).…

Children with a mucopolysaccharidosis or mucolipidosis suffer progressive disability of the hands, particularly in relation to dysfunction of the median nerve. This is an increasing problem because bone-marrow transplantation has dramatically…

Objectives - It has been assumed that the sterotyped hand movements in Rett syndrome are symmetrical, midline and that they prevent purposeful use of the hands. Their relationship with respiration has not been previously explored. Material and…

Developmental and behavioural characteristics were assessed in 27 children with cri du chat syndrome using the Society for the Study of Behavioural Phenotypes questionnaire, which gave information on prenatal and perinatal conditions, neurological…

Twenty children with cri-du-chat syndrome were assessed on the Vineland Adaptive Behavioural Scales. Strengths within rather than between the adaptive domains were identified with posthoc analyses revealing the main differences to lie within the…

Sanfilippo syndrome is a rare degenerative disorder which has severe intellectual and behavioural sequelae, commonly including sleep problems. A parental questionnaire was used to gather information on the sleep patterns of 80 children with…

Problem behaviors of individuals who had one of three chromosome deletion disorders (5p- cri-du-chat, 15q- Prader-Willi, or 17p- Smith-Magenis) were investigated. The Aberrant Behavior Checklist was used. Results were contrasted with those of two…

Overnight polysomnography was performed in 10 subjects with tuberous sclerosis (TS) and partial epilepsy in order to investigate the relationships between sleep organization, sleep disorders and epilepsy. Sleep architecture abnormalities were…

A postal questionnaire was used to study 49 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (including both the classical and the mild forms) to ascertain behavioural phenotype. Ages ranged from early childhood to adulthood (mean age, 10.2 years; SD,…

This paper reports a study of the nature and prevalence of behaviour problems in 258 children with mucopolysaccharide disorders. Questionnaire data obtained through the post was supplemented by home visits to 42 families in the sample and by regular…

Caring for patients at the end of life presents a series of quality-of-care problems to the health care system. In the past, concern has focused on overaggressive treatment of dying patients. Given rapid changes in the financing and delivery of care,…

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing availability of advance directives, most patients in the intensive care unit lack written directives, and, therefore, consultation with families about treatment decisions remains the rule. In the context of decision…

OBJECTIVE: To determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of warfarin therapy for the treatment of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation from the perspective of patients using 2 different elicitation methods. DESIGN: All patients completed…

Background: Little research has been done on services and programs for children with chronic conditions and their families from the perspective of family caregivers from diverse cultural backgrounds. Objective: To identify recommendations that urban…

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a low-cost strategy for providing preventive health services to adolescents using computerized health assessments with individualized educational videos, trained health counselors, and nurses. DESIGN: Feasibility study, cost…

OBJECTIVES: To develop a measure of parental perceptions of pediatric inpatient quality of care, to identify processes of care that influence these perceptions, and to describe these perceptions of care. DESIGN: An interdisciplinary team modified an…

CONTEXT: The main threats to adolescents' health are the risk behaviors they choose. How their social context shapes their behaviors is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk and protective factors at the family, school, and individual levels…

CONTEXT: Adolescents' concerns about privacy in clinical settings decrease their willingness to seek health care for sensitive problems and may inhibit their communication with physicians. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of physicians'…

BACKGROUND: The use of oxycodone to treat chronic cancer pain has been hampered by its short elimination half-life, which necessitates administration every 4 hours. This study compared the clinical efficacy and safety of a novel oxycodone formulation…

Severe weight loss associated with cancer continues to be a major cause of morbidity in cases of childhood malignancy. The etiology is not completely understood but is probably multifactorial, including reduced ingestion and altered metabolism of…

There has been an accumulation of qualitative studies in recent years, but little cumulation of the understandings gained from them. Qualitative research appears endangered both by efforts to synthesize studies and by the failure to do so. Techniques…

Autism is a collection of disorders or subtypes with distinctive or prominent phenotypes and genotypes. The study of adults with autism offers a unique opportunity to examine its phenotypic diversity. Recent evidence has identified disturbances in…
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