Browse Items (232 total)

Overnight sleep studies were performed in 20 subjects with achondroplasia to document further the respiratory abnormalities present in this group. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were recorded in 19 of the subjects to screen for the presence…

A single-subject rapidly alternating treatment design was used to compare the effectiveness of bilateral band splints and an elbow orthosis in decreasing stereotypic band behaviors and increasing toy play in 2 children with Rett syndrome. The…

Aberrant sleep patterns are commonly experienced by girls with the Rett syndrome. In this investigation, the problematic sleep of three girls with the Rett syndrome was regulated using a bedtime fading procedure with response cost. The treatment…

Previous studies on the characteristics of disturbed sleep/wake patterns in children with the Rett syndrome have yielded inconsistent findings. In the current study, momentary time sampling procedures were used to measure the sleep/wake patterns of…

Few studies have examined the extent to which functional hand-use may be taught to girls with Rett syndrome after those skills have been lost. In this investigation, five females with classic Rett syndrome taught to feed themselves using a method of…

Previous studies have indicated increased immunoreactivity of the endogenous opioid peptide beta-endorphin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infants under 2 years of age with apnea. To assess the role of endogenous opioids in the pathogenesis of…

The daily rhythms of melatonin, cortisol and body temperature were studied in 16 institutionalized subjects with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The results of 9 subjects with normal daily rhythms of sleep and wakefulness (group 1) were compared with…

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder of childhood, associated with a high mortality rate during the first 2 years of life. Most practitioners expect patients with SMA to follow a progressive course with loss of muscle…

Sleep disorders were investigated in 40 children with tuberous sclerosis (TS) and compared with those found in non-disabled children and those reported in a mixed group with learning disabilities. Significantly higher levels of sleep disturbance were…

Rett syndrome, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder described only in female subjects, is manifested by a wide spectrum of behavioral and motor abnormalities. We studied 32 patients with this disorder, ages 30 months to 28 years old, and…

Incessant hand to mouth movements are often noted as part of the movement disorder of the hands in the Rett syndrome (RS). Elbow splints were designed to inhibit this behavior and prevent further injury to the hands. A study of eight RS patients was…

UNLABELLED: Parents of 40 patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease completed a questionnaire detailing developmental history, life course, management, medication, factors influencing variability and topography of self-injury. Several conclusions were…

Mucolipidosis IV is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by prominent involvement of the corneal epithelium. A 5-year-old boy with mucolipidosis IV experienced recurrent episodes of severe ocular pain, tearing, and ipsilateral facial flushing.…

Antonovsky (1987) has proposed the Sense of Coherence (SOC) as a global perceptual predisposition in responding to life stress. Composed of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness, this construct has been associated with more adaptive…

Previous studies have indicated increased immunoreactivity of the endogenous opioid peptide beta-endorphin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infants under 2 years of age with apnea. To assess the role of endogenous opioids in the pathogenesis of…

One hundred and twenty-nine cases of Wilson's disease (WD) were assessed at index admission and two follow-ups (F1 and F2) on a range of clinical and biochemical variables. The commonest psychiatric symptoms throughout were incongruous behavior,…

In this study aiming to clarify the relationships between beta-endorphin and glucose levels, beta-endorphin levels were determined in children in acute stress. The study was carried out on 32 critically ill children between 5 days and 12 years…

This paper focuses on using the grounded theory method to study social psychological themes which cut across diverse chronic illnesses. The grounded theory method is presented as a method having both phenomenological and positivistic roots, which…

In recent years, the observation that the response of patients to opioid drugs may be influenced by properties inherent in the pain or pain syndrome, such as its pathophysiology, has evolved into the belief that certain types of pain, e.g.,…

This study investigated the involvement of endogenous opioid peptides in mediating cold water swim (CWS) stress-induced antinociception (SIA) in rats with unilateral hind paw inflammation induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). Following 0.5, 1…

An omnibus index offers a single summary expression for a fourfold table of binary concordance among two observers. Among the available other omnibus indexes, none offers a satisfactory solution for the paradoxes that occur with p0 and kappa. The…

Previous studies on the characteristics of disturbed sleep/wake patterns in children with the Rett syndrome have yielded inconsistent findings. In the current study, momentary time sampling procedures were used to measure the sleep/wake patterns of…

The opiate hypothesis maintains that patients engage in self-injurious behavior (SIB) either because they are partially analgesic (pathologically altered pain threshold) or because SIB supplies a "fix" for an addicted endogenous opiate system. The…

Existing empirical literature on the prolonged or cumulative consequences of exposure to the stresses of caregiving is reviewed. Specific goals are to identify psychiatric and physical morbidity effects, report the magnitude of those effects,…

The theory of uncertainty in illness has its strongest support among subjects who are experiencing the acute phase of illness or are in a downward illness trajectory (mishel, 1988a). The theory has not addressed the experience of living with…

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