2020 Developing World List

Title

2020 Developing World List

Collection Items

Context: Approximately 170,000 children in need of palliative care die every year in Europe without access to it. This field remains an evolving specialty with unexplored development.Objectives: To conduct the first regional assessment of pediatric…

Purpose: Although the radiotherapy utilization rate (RUR) is determined for most adult cancers, it is seldom reported in childhood tumors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where the majority of pediatric cancer patients reside.…

Cancer and other non-communicable diseases are a growing public health issue now that infectious disease control (e.g., HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis) has made great strides across low- and middle-income countries (L&MIC). The large majority…

Muslims believe that human life is sacred and that it belongs to God. Therefore, all human life must be treated with dignity and respect. Muslims are also very realistic and know that all beings will die one day. The Quran is clear that death is a…

BACKGROUND: Poor communication between patients and providers can lead to misunderstanding and misclassification of clinical information, including pregnancy outcomes by women. This qualitative study with maternity care providers explores…

PURPOSE: The majority of pediatric cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pediatric palliative care (PPC) focuses on relieving physical, psychosocial, and spiritual suffering throughout the continuum of cancer care and is…

BACKGROUND: Palliative care is one of the necessary elements in the treatment of children with cancer. Adaptation of country-specific palliative care practices to universal standards can provide valuable information for health care stakeholders. AIM:…

BACKGROUND: The early integration of palliative care significantly improves quality of life for children with cancer. However, cultural, structural, and socioeconomic barriers can delay the integration of palliative care into cancer care,…

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates for early integration of palliative care for all children with life-threatening illness. Provider awareness and misperceptions, however, can impede this imperative. In the Eurasian region,…

Background: Childhood cancer is a major challenge for parapets. Parents are one of the main sources of emotional support for their child, but their ability to provide proper care during their child's illness and treatment depends entirely on the way…

BACKGROUND: Treatment options for childhood cancer have improved substantially, although in many low- and middle-income countries survival is lagging behind. Integral childhood cancer care involves the whole spectrum from detection and diagnosis to…

Background: In Armenia the incidence of pediatric cancer accounts for around 80-100 cases per year. This qualitative study was conducted in 2018 to evaluate the needs and challenges in a provision of pediatric cancer care in Armenia. Comparative…

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic response is affecting maternal and neonatal health services all over the world. We aimed to assess the number of institutional births, their outcomes (institutional stillbirth and neonatal mortality rate), and…

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and disability are major global health issues. Although they can cause and influence each other, data on their co-existence are sparse. We aimed to describe the prevalence and patterns of disability among…

BACKGROUND: The incidence of malnutrition in children, who were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), has kept high level over the past 30 years. In addition, nutrition status of critically ill children deteriorates further during the…

The objective was to analyze the dynamic involving the supply of palliative care for eligible children from the perspective of health professionals and families. A qualitative exploratory multiple case study was performed. This was a cross-section of…

Background: Community health workers (CHWs) are currently deployed in improving access to palliative care in a limited number of low-income or middle-income countries (LMICs). This review therefore aimed to document evidence from LMICs regarding (1)…

Objective: To explore the perceptions and experiences of paediatric palliative care (PPC) among healthcare providers (HCPs) providing care at the sole tertiary healthcare facility in the SIDS of Barbados. Method(s): Sampling was purposive. Twelve…

AIM: Reports of the outcomes of infants born with marginal viability in developing countries are limited. This study aimed to determine the mortality rate and major disabilities of extremely preterm infants. METHODS: A retrospective cohort with a…

BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Worldwide, four million neonate deaths happen annually, and birth asphyxia accounts for one million deaths. Improving…

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The Helping Babies Breathe program gave major reductions in perinatal mortality in Tanzania from 2009 to 2012. We aimed to study whether this effect was sustained, and whether resuscitation skills changed with continued frequent…

Pediatric organ donation represents only a low proportion of overall organ donation in many parts of world, unable to match the needs for pediatric organ transplantation. Pediatric organ donation after circulatory determination of death (DCD) is…

INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) is a 29-item checklist based on essential childbirth practices to help health-care workers to deliver consistently high quality maternal and perinatal care. The…

PURPOSE: Adequate clinical services have yet to be established in the majority of African countries, where childhood cancer survival rates vary from 8.1% to 30.3%. The aim of this review is to describe the landscape of pediatric oncology trials in…
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